Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing

, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 495–518 | Cite as

Thermophysical Properties of High Temperature Reacting Mixtures of Carbon and Water in the Range 400–30,000 K and 0.1–10 atm. Part 2: Transport Coefficients

Original Paper


The present contribution is continuation of Part 1: Equilibrium composition and thermodynamic properties. This paper is devoted to the calculation of transport properties of mixtures of water and carbon at high temperature. The transport properties, including electron diffusion coefficient, viscosity, thermal conductivity, and electrical conductivity are obtained by using the Chapman–Enskog method expanded to the third-order approximation (second-order for viscosity), taking only elastic processes into account. The calculations, which assume local thermodynamic equilibrium, are performed for atmospheric pressure plasmas in the temperature range from 400 to 30,000 K for pressures of 0. 10, 1.0, 3.0, 5.0 and 10.0 atm. with the results obtained are compared to those of previously published studies, and the reasons for discrepancies are analyzed. The results provide reliable reference data for simulation of plasmas in mixtures of carbon and water.


Carbon Water Thermal plasmas Chapman–Enskog method Transport properties Viscosity Thermal conductivity Electrical conductivity Diffusion coefficient 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power EquipmentXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’an ShaanxiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Electrical Engineering and ElectronicsThe University of LiverpoolLiverpoolUK
  3. 3.CSIRO Materials Science and EngineeringLindfieldAustralia

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