The Lazarus Project: A Response to Jindra
- 20 Downloads
This essay is a response to Jindra’s review (2017) of Psychology and Spiritual Transformation in a Substance Abuse Program: The Lazarus Project (Williamson and Hood 2016). The book itself is based on the 5-year longitudinal investigation of a Pentecostal-based substance abuse program called the Lazarus Project. After a brief description of the study, the authors of this response address three issues raised by Jindra: (1) the study’s relation to the debate concerning the personal versus social dimensions of spiritual transformation/conversion; (2) the use and purpose of social control in faith-based programs such as the Lazarus Project; and (3) useful methodologies in conversion research. The authors conclude with remarks on the appropriateness of faith-based programs for those seeking help with substance addiction and on the importance of Spirit baptism as a Pentecostal experience that contributes to addiction recovery at the Lazarus Project.
KeywordsSpiritual transformation Religious conversion Drug treatment programs Pentecostal spirituality
- Foucault, M. (2000). In P. Rabinow (Ed.), Ethics: Subjectivity and truth: The essential works of Michel Foucault, Volume 1. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
- Gorsuch, R. L. (1995). Religious aspects of substance abuse and recovery. Journal of Social Issues, 51, 65–83.Google Scholar
- Gruner, L. (1984). From heroin, hashish, and hallelujah: The search for meaning. Review of Religious Research, 26, l76–l186.Google Scholar
- Hood Jr., R. W., Hill, P. C., & Spilka, B. (2009). The psychology of religion: An empirical approach (4th ed.). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- James, W. (1982). The varieties of religious experience. New York: Penguin Books. (Original work published 1902).Google Scholar
- Jindra, I. W. (2014). A new model of religious conversion: Beyond network theory and social constructivism. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
- Jindra, I. W. (2017). The Lazarus Project and Grace Ministries: The role of religious nonprofits in addressing personal and social problems. Pastoral Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11089-017-0758-0.
- Maslow, A. H. (1994). Religion, values, and peak-experiences. New York: Penguin Books. (Original work published 1964).Google Scholar
- Myers, D. G., & Dewall, C. N. (2015). Psychology (11th ed.). New York: Worth Publishers.Google Scholar
- National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2018a). Opioid overdose crisis. https://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/opioids/opioid-overdose-crisis.
- National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2018b). How effective is drug addiction treatment? In Principles of drug addiction treatment: A research-based guide (3rd ed.). https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/principles-drug-addiction-treatment-research-based-guide-third-edition/frequently-asked-questions/how-effective-drug-addiction-treatment.
- National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2018c). Is drug addiction treatment worth its cost? In Principles of drug addiction treatment: A research-based guide (3rd ed.). https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/principles-drug-addiction-treatment-research-based-guide-third-edition/frequently-asked-questions/drug-addiction-treatment-worth-its-cost.
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2015). Behavioral health trends in the United States: Results from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. https://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/NSDUH-FRR1-2014/NSDUH-FRR1-2014.pdf.
- Wilkerson-Klose, J. (2018). Giving hope an address: The teen challenge legacy story. Newberry: Bridge-Logos.Google Scholar
- Williamson, W. P., & Hood, R. W., Jr. (2016). Psychology and spiritual transformation in a substance abuse program: The Lazarus project. Lanham: Lexington Books.Google Scholar