Pastoral Psychology

, Volume 59, Issue 4, pp 457–469 | Cite as

Notes on Diversity and Working Together Across Cultures on Traumatization and Forgiveness: Siblings by Choice

  • Ursula Riedel-Pfaefflin
  • Archie SmithJr.


The article addresses problems of severe collective traumatization by wars and discrimination not only for victims and perpetrators but also for the generations of children, nephews, and grandchildren. Two historical processes are exemplified in biographical experiences, slavery and oppression of African-American families, and the effects of Nazi ideology and World War II on German and Czech population. Aspects of forgiveness and healing are presented and discussed. One model of dissolving collective animosity and denial is explored in the intentional cooperation of caregivers and trainers in pastoral care and counseling from different cultures and religious traditions: siblings in struggle, siblings by choice.


Systemic thinking Narrative agency Intercultural realities Differences in social and historical experiences Interdependency of all beings Intercultural dialogue Traumata Expelling Post traumatic stress disorder Safety Mature forgiveness Intercultural care giving 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Protestant School of Social WorkDresdenGermany
  2. 2.Pacific School of ReligionBerkeleyUSA

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