Sexual abuse by Catholic clergy and religious has become the greatest challenge facing Catholicism since the Reformation. Violations of clerical celibacy have occurred throughout history. The institutional church remains defensive while scholars in the behavioral and social sciences probe deeply into the nature of institutional Catholicism, searching for meaningful explanations for the dysfunctional sexual behavior. Clericalism which has traditionally led to deep-seated societal attitudes about the role of the clergy in religious and secular society, explains in part why widespread abuse has apparently been allowed. Clericalism has a profound emotional and psychological influence on victims, church leadership, and secular society. It has enabled the psychological duress experienced by victims which explains why many have remained silent for years. It has also inspired societal denial which has impeded many from accepting clergy sexual abuse as a serious and even horrific crime.
Keywordsclericalism Roman Catholic Church clergy sexual abuse narcissism
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Allen, J. (2002). Another Cardinal says sex abuse scandal results in ‘media campaign of persecution. National Catholic Reporter.Google Scholar
- American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. Text revision. Washington, DC.Google Scholar
- Associated Press. (2002). Text of Bishop Gregory's Remarks. Newsday Online.Google Scholar
- Baars, C. (1971). The role of the church in the causation, treatment and prevention of the crisis in the priesthood. Unpublished report.Google Scholar
- Benson, G. (1994). Sexual Behavior by Male Clergy with Adult Female Counselees: Systemic and Situational Themes. Sexual Addiction and Compulsivity: A Journal of Treatment and Prevention, 1, 103–119.Google Scholar
- Breslin, J. (2004). The Church that forgot Christ. New York: The Free Press.Google Scholar
- Carnes, P. (1997). The betrayal bond. Deerfield Beach FL: Health Communications. Catechism of the Catholic Church. New York: Catholic Book Publishers. 1994.Google Scholar
- Coriden, J., Green, T., & Heintschel, D. (1985). The code of canon law: a text and commentary. New York: Paulist Press.Google Scholar
- Cozzens, D. (2000). The changing face of the priesthood. Collegeville MN: Liturgical Press.Google Scholar
- Cozzens, D. (2002). Sacred silence. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press.Google Scholar
- Cullinane, P. (1997). Clericalism: Avoidable damage to the Church. Australasian Catholic Record, 76, 181–197.Google Scholar
- DeGiulio, K. (2002). Interview with Dr. Leslie Lothstein. National Catholic Reporter.Google Scholar
- Dokecki, P. (2004). The clergy sexual abuse crisis. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.Google Scholar
- Dulles, A. (2002). Models of the Church. Expanded ed. New York: Image Books.Google Scholar
- Foote, W. (1998, October 9), Affidavit, Does I, II, III vs. Catholic Diocese of El Paso, Father Irving Klister.Google Scholar
- Frawley-O'Dea, M. (2004). The history and consequences of the sexual abuse crisis in the Catholic church. Studies in Gender and Sexuality, 5, 11–30.Google Scholar
- Goode, H., McGee, H., & O'Boye, C. (2003). Time to listen: Confronting child sexual abuse by Catholic clergy in Ireland. Dublin, Ireland: Liffey Press.Google Scholar
- Groeschel, B. (2002). From scandal to hope. Huntington, IN: Our Sunday Visitor Press.Google Scholar
- Harris, M. (1990). Unholy orders: Tragedy at Mount Cashel. Markham, ON: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
- Hoge, D. (2002). The first five years of priesthood. Collegeville, MN: The Liturgical Press.Google Scholar
- John Paul II. (1993). Letter to the United States Bishops. Origins, 23, 7.Google Scholar
- John Paul II. (1999). Address to the Bishops of Ireland on their ‘Ad Limina’ Visit. June 26, 1999. www.vatican.va.
- John Paul II. (2002). Address of John Paul II to the Cardinals of the United States. April 23, 2002. www.vatican.va.
- John Paul II. (2002). Letter of the Holy Father to priests for Holy Thursday 2002. www.vatican.va.
- John Paul II. (2004). Address of John Paul II to the fourth group of French bishops on their “ad limina” visit. January 24, 2004. www.vatican.va.
- Lasch, C. (1979). The culture of narcissism. New York: Norton.Google Scholar
- Kennedy, E., & Heckler, V. (1972). The Catholic priest in the United States: Psychological investigations. Washington, DC: U.S. Catholic Conference.Google Scholar
- Kennedy, E. (2001). The unhealed wound. The Church and human sexuality. New York: St. Martins' Press.Google Scholar
- Kung, H., & Bowden, J. T. (2001). The Catholic Church: A short history. New York: The Modern Library.Google Scholar
- Lothstein, L. (2004). Men of the flesh: The evaluation and treatment of sexually abusing priests. Studies in Gender and Sexuality, 5, 167–195.Google Scholar
- McHugh, J., & Callan, J. (Ed). (1923). Catechism of the Council of Trent. South Bend, IN: Marian Publications.Google Scholar
- McLaughlin, B. (2004). Devastated spirituality: The impact of clergy sexual abuse on the survivors relationship with God and the church. Sexual addiction and compulsivity: The Journal of Treatment and Prevention, 1, 145–158.Google Scholar
- National Review Board for the Protection of Children and Young People. (2004). A report on the crisis in the Catholic Church in the United States. Washington, DC: United States Conference of Catholic Bishops.Google Scholar
- Niebuhr, G. (1993). Pope sounds moral themes, condemns urban violence. The Washington Post, August 18, 1993.Google Scholar
- Pius, X. (1906). Vehementer nos. February 2, 1906. www.vatican.va.
- Porter, M. (2003). Sex, power and the clergy. South Yarra, Victoria, Australia: Hardie Grant Books.Google Scholar
- Ratzinger, J. (1986). Letter to the bishops of the Catholic Church on the pastoral care of homosexual persons. Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. October 1, 1986. www.vatican.va.
- Rich, E., & Hamilton, E. (2002). Doctors used us. The Hartford Courant. A 14.Google Scholar
- Sanchez, J. (1972). Anti-clericalism: A brief history. Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press.Google Scholar
- Shaw, R. (1993). To hunt, to shoot, to entertain. San Francisco: Ignatius Press.Google Scholar
- Shupe, A. (1995). In the name of all that's holy. Westport, CT: Praeger Press.Google Scholar
- Silver, B. (2003). Media unfair to priests, bishop says. Seattle News Tribune. September 6, 2003. www.tribnet.com.
- Sipe, A. (1995). Sex, priests and power. New York: Brunner-Mazel.Google Scholar
- Sipe, A. (2003). Celibacy in crisis: A secret world revisited. New York: Brunner-Routledge.Google Scholar
- Sipe, A. (1990). A secret world: Sexuality and the search for celibacy. New York: Brunner-Mazel.Google Scholar
- Stafford, F. (1993). The Eucharistic Foundation of Sacerdotal Celibacy. Origins, 15.Google Scholar
- Sullivan, J., & Convey, E. (2002). Pope takes action: Cardinals ordered to vatican. Boston Herald, April 16. www.freerepublic.com/focus/news/666987/.
- Vaknin, S., & Rangelovska, L. (2003). Malignant self love. Skopje, Macedonia: Maring-Igor.Google Scholar
- Weigel, G. (2002). The courage to be Catholic. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar