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Oxidation of Metals

, Volume 91, Issue 1–2, pp 213–224 | Cite as

Effect of Thermal Pretreatment and Acid Leaching on the Removal of Boron from Metallurgical Grade Silicon

  • Chunjin Tian
  • Haifei Lu
  • Kuixian WeiEmail author
  • Wenhui Ma
  • Keqiang Xie
  • Jijun Wu
Original Paper
  • 63 Downloads

Abstract

The present work aims at investigating the impact of thermal pretreatment and acid leaching (HCl–HF) on the boron removal efficiency of metallurgical grade silicon (MG-Si). The impact of various parameters, involving oxidation temperature (700–1200 °C), oxidation time (1–5 h) and acid leaching (4 mol L−1 HCl–3 mol L−1 HF), on the removal of boron from MG-Si was thoroughly explored. It was found that thermal oxidation resulted in an enhanced removal efficiency of boron from MG-Si. By employing MG-Si particles in the range of 75–106 μm in conjunction with acid leaching at 65 °C for 6 h, the boron content was decreased from 19.60 to 14.10 ppmw, offering a removal efficiency of ca. 28%. When the MG-Si powder was subjected to thermal oxidation at 1100 °C for 5 h before leaching, the boron concentration in the purified Si was reduced from 19.60 to 8.90 ppmw, giving an extraction efficiency of 54.59%. An extended characterization study, regarding the microstructure, morphology and chemical composition of both un-treated and treated samples, was conducted to gain insight into the underlying mechanism of boron removal under different conditions.

Keywords

Metallurgical grade silicon Boron removal Thermal pretreatment Acid leaching 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51461027, 51334002) and Open Fund of State Key Laboratory of Complex Nonferrous Metal Resources Clean Utilization (No. CNMRCUTS1406).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chunjin Tian
    • 1
  • Haifei Lu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kuixian Wei
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Wenhui Ma
    • 1
    • 2
  • Keqiang Xie
    • 2
  • Jijun Wu
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.The National Engineering Laboratory for Vacuum Metallurgy, State Key Laboratory of Complex Nonferrous Metal Resources Clean UtilizationKunming University of Science and TechnologyKunmingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Key Laboratory for Nonferrous Vacuum Metallurgy of Yunnan Province, Engineering Research Center for Silicon Metallurgy and Silicon Materials of Yunnan Provincial UniversitiesKunming University of Science and TechnologyKunmingPeople’s Republic of China

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