Oxidation of Metals

, Volume 87, Issue 1–2, pp 199–214 | Cite as

Deposit Build-up and Corrosion in a Copper Flash Smelting Heat Recovery Boiler

  • Juho LehmustoEmail author
  • Daniel Stenlund
  • Mari Lindgren
  • Patrik Yrjas
Original Paper


The aim of the work was to improve the understanding of deposit formation and corrosion in a copper flash smelting plant, focusing on the effects of process gas temperature (400–900 °C) and heat-transfer surface temperature (160–320 °C) on deposit formation and corrosion rate. The rate of build-up increased as a function of process gas temperature, which was explained by a larger extent of sintering at higher temperatures, resulting in slagging and thus, in better adhesion of particles hitting the surface. The corrosion rate increased as a function of process gas temperature. Iron sulphate (FeSO4 or Fe2(SO4)3) was found at the interface between the deposit and the corroded metal surface, suggesting that corrosion was induced by sulphuric acid (H2SO4) from the reaction between SO3 (originating from SO2 in the process gas) and water vapour.


Flash smelting Heat recovery boiler Deposit build-up rate Dew point corrosion 



The authors would like to thank Mr. Janne Hautamäki and Mr. Tor Laurén for the crucial assistance they provided during the measurement campaigns. Boliden Harjavalta and Outotec are gratefully acknowledged for the financial support.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juho Lehmusto
    • 1
    Email author
  • Daniel Stenlund
    • 1
  • Mari Lindgren
    • 2
  • Patrik Yrjas
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Inorganic Chemistry, Johan Gadolin Process Chemistry CentreAbo Akademi UniversityTurkuFinland
  2. 2.Outotec Research CenterPoriFinland

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