Oxidation of Metals

, 71:295 | Cite as

Oxidation Behaviour of TBC Systems on γ-TiAl Based Alloy Ti–45Al–8Nb

  • R. BraunEmail author
  • M. Fröhlich
  • C. Leyens
  • D. Renusch
Original Paper


The lifetime of thermal barrier coating (TBC) systems on gamma titanium aluminides was determined in the temperature range between 850 °C and 950 °C under cyclic oxidation conditions in air. Coupons of the alloy Ti–45Al–8Nb (at.%) were coated by pack aluminizing. A subset of samples was subsequently annealed at 910 °C for 312 h in argon. During this heat treatment, the two-phase (Nb,Ti)Al3 plus TiAl2 microstructure of the coating transformed into single phase γ-TiAl. On pre-oxidised aluminized, annealed and bare samples, TBCs of yttria partially stabilized zirconia were deposited using electron-beam physical vapour deposition (EB-PVD). No spallation of the TBCs was observed in cyclic oxidation tests at 850 °C for up to 3,000 cycles of 1 h dwell time at high temperature. The two-phase aluminide coating provided effective oxidation protection due to the formation of a continuous alumina scale. The lifetime of this TBC system exceeded 1,400 cycles at 950 °C, whereas an aluminized and annealed sample failed after approximately 500 cycles. The TBC on bare substrate failed when thermally cycled at 900 °C. In contrast, no spallation occurred with an aluminized and annealed specimen at this temperature during the maximum exposure length of 1,000 cycles, probably related to an increased aluminium concentration in the subsurface region. EB-PVD zirconia top coats were well adherent to the alumina scale and the thermally grown mixed oxides. Failure of the TBC systems observed with bare and annealed samples was associated with spalled oxide scales formed on γ-TiAl.


Gamma titanium aluminides Aluminide coating Thermal barrier coating Thermally grown oxide scale Oxidation resistance 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Braun
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. Fröhlich
    • 1
  • C. Leyens
    • 1
    • 2
  • D. Renusch
    • 3
  1. 1.German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Materials ResearchKölnGermany
  2. 2.Physical Metallurgy and Materials TechnologyTechnical University of Brandenburg at CottbusCottbusGermany
  3. 3.Karl-Winnacker-Institute of Dechema e.V.FrankfurtGermany

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