Advertisement

Optical and Quantum Electronics

, Volume 46, Issue 11, pp 1435–1444 | Cite as

Designs of all-optical buffer and OR gate using SOA-MZI

  • Pallavi Singh
  • Devandra K. Tripathi
  • Shikha Jaiswal
  • H. K. Dixit
Article

Abstract

In the paper a novel scheme for an all-optical buffer and OR logic gates based on Mach–Zehnder interferometer structure is discussed. The operations of the scheme with 10 Gb/s return to zero pseudorandom bit streams simulated correctly with extinction ratio 19.21 and 17.61 dB where Q-factor 25.94 and 11.22 for buffer and OR gate respectively. With the help of numerical analyses, it can be seen that the extinction ratio of the OR operation is degraded and the output pattern effect is decreased by 0.9 dB compared to optical buffer schemes under the same condition. Furthermore, the carrier recovery time of a semiconductor optical amplifier is no longer a crucial parameter to restrict the operation speed of this scheme. The scheme is also potentially capable of multi input OR operation at higher speed.

Keywords

Semiconductor optical amplifier based Mach–Zehnder interferometer (SOA-MZI) Cross gain modulation (XGM) Cross phase modulation (XPM) Four wave mixing (FWM) Amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) 

References

  1. Aikawa, Y., Shimizu, S., Uenohara, H.: Demonstration of all-optical divider circuit using SOA-MZI-Type XOR gate and feedback loop for forward error detection. J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 2259–2266 (2011)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. Berrettini, G., Simi, A., Malacarne, A., Bogoni, A., Poti, L.: Ultrafast integrable and reconfigurable XNOR, AND, NOR, and NOT photonic logic gate. IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 917–919 (2006)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. Chattopadhaya, T.: All-optical cross-bar network architecture using TOAD based interferometric switch and using it to design reconfigurable logic unit. Opt. Fiber Technol. 17, 558–567 (2011)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. Chattopadhaya, T., Reis, C., Andre, P., Teixeira, A.: Theoretical analysis of all-optical clocked D flip-flop using a single SOA assisted symmetric MZI. Optics Commun. 285, 2266–2275 (2012)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. Connelly, M.J.: Semiconductor Optical Amplifier, pp. 77–94. Kluwer Acdemic Publication, Boston (2002)Google Scholar
  6. Deng, N., Chan, K., Chan, C.K., Chen, L.K.: An all-optical XOR logic gate for high-speed RZ-DPSK signals by FWM in semiconductor optical amplifier. IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 12, 702–707 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dong, J., Zhang, X., Wang, Y., Xu, J., Huang, D.: 40Gbit/s reconfigurable photonic logic gates based on various nonlinearities in single SOA. Electron. Lett. 43, 884–886 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dong, J., Zhang, X., Xu, J., Huang, D.: 40 Gb/s all-optical logic NOR and OR gates using a semiconductor optical amplifier: experimental demonstration and theoretical analysis. Opt. Commun. 281, 1710–1715 (2008)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. Kaminow, I., Li, T.: Optical Fiber Communication, pp. 717–720. Academic press, California (2002)Google Scholar
  10. Kim, J.H., Jhon, Y.M., Byun, Y.T., Lee, S., Woo, D.H., Kim, S.H.: All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifier without additional input beam. IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1436–1438 (2002)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. Kim, J.Y., Kang, J.M., Kim, T.Y., Han, S.K.: All-optical multiple logic gates with XOR, NOR, OR and NAND function using parallel SOA-MZI structures. J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3392–3399 (2006)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. Kumar, S., Willner, A.E.: Simultaneous four-wave mixing and cross-gain modulation for implementing an all-optical XNOR logic gate using a single SOA. Opt. Express 14, 5092–5097 (2006)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. Lee, S., Park, J., Lee, K., Eom, D., Lee, S., Kim, J.H.: All-optical exclusive NOR logic gate using Mach–Zehnder interferometer. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1155–1157 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Li, Z., Li, G.: Reconfigurable all-optical logic gates based on FWM in semiconductor optical amplifier. In: IEEE Conference CLEO/QELS, pp. 1–2 (2006)Google Scholar
  15. Reis, C., Chattopadhyay, T., Andre, P., Teixeira, A.: Single Mach–Zehnder interferometer based Boolean logic gates. Appl. Opt. 51, 8693–8701 (2012)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. Senior, J.M.: Optical Fiber Communication, pp. 552–553. Pearson, India (2010)Google Scholar
  17. Sharaiha, A., Topomondzo, J., Morel, P.: All-optical logic AND-NOR gates with three inputs based on cross-gain modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier. Opt. Commun. 265, 322–325 (2006)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. Singh, P., Tripathi, D. K., Dixit, H. K.: Design and analysis of all-optical inverter using SOA-based Mach–Zehnder interferometer. IEEE-CODIS pp. 1926–1929 (2012)Google Scholar
  19. Son, C.W., Kim, S.H., Byun, Y.T., Jhon, Y.M., Lee, S., Woo, D.H., Kim, S.H., Yoon, T.H.: Realization of all-optical multi-functional logic gates using semiconductor optical amplifier. Electron. Lett. 42, 1057–1058 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Suzuki, M., Uenohara, H.: Investigation of all-optical error detection circuit using SOA-MZI-based XOR gates at 10 Gbit/s. Electron. Lett. 45, 224–225 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Villafranca, A., Garces, I., Cabezon, M., Martínez, J. J., Izquierdo, D., Pozo, J.: Multiple-bit all-optical logic based on cross-gain modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier. IEEE Conference ICTON pp. 1–4 (2010)Google Scholar
  22. Wang, G., Yang, X., Hu, W.: All-optical logic gates for 40 Gb/s NRZ signals using complementary data in SOA-MZIs. Opt. Commun. 290, 28–32 (2013)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. Webb, R.P., Manning, R.J., Maxwell, G.D., Poustie, A.J.: 40 Gbit/s all-optical XOR gate based on hybrid-integrated Mach–Zehnder interferometer. Electron. Lett. 39, 79–80 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Wu, B., Fu, S., Wua, J., Shum, P., Ngo, N.Q., Xua, K., Hong, X., Lin, J.: Simultaneous implementation of all-optical OR and AND logic gates for NRZ/RZ/CSRZ ON-OFF-keying signals. Opt. Commun. 283, 349–354 (2010)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  25. Ye, X., Ye, P., Zhang, M.: All-optical NAND gate using integrated SOA-based Mach–Zehnder interferometer. Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 312–316 (2006)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pallavi Singh
    • 1
  • Devandra K. Tripathi
    • 1
  • Shikha Jaiswal
    • 2
  • H. K. Dixit
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electronics and CommunicationUniversity of AllahabadAllahabadIndia
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsSanatan Dharam Post Graduate CollegeMuzaffarnagarIndia

Personalised recommendations