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Memristor-based neural networks with weight simultaneous perturbation training

  • Chunhua Wang
  • Lin Xiong
  • Jingru Sun
  • Wei Yao
Review
  • 87 Downloads

Abstract

The training of neural networks involves numerous operations on the weight matrix. If neural networks are implemented in hardware, all weights will be updated in parallel. However, neural networks based on CMOS technology face many challenges in the updating phase of weights. For example, derivation of the activation function and error back propagation make it difficult to be realized at the circuit level, even though the back propagation algorithm is rather efficient and popular in neural networks. In this paper, a novel synaptic unit based on double identical memristors is designed, on the basis of which a new neural network circuit architecture is proposed. The whole network is trained by a hardware-friendly weight simultaneous perturbation (WSP) algorithm. The hardware implementation of neural networks based on WSP algorithm only involves the feedforward circuit and does not require the bidirectional circuit. Furthermore, two forward calculations are merely needed to update all weight matrices for each pattern, which significantly simplifies the weight update circuit and allows simpler and easier implementation of the neural network in hardware. The practicability, utility and simplicity of this scheme are demonstrated by the supervised learning tasks.

Keywords

Memristor Synaptic unit Hardware implementation Multilayer neural networks (MNNs) Weight simultaneous perturbation (WSP) 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 61571185), the Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province, China (No. 2016JJ2030) and the Open Fund Project of Key Laboratory in Hunan Universities (No. 15K027).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Computer Science and Electronic EngineeringHunan UniversityChangshaChina

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