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Nonlinear Dynamics

, Volume 85, Issue 2, pp 973–980 | Cite as

Vector combined and crossing Kuznetsov–Ma solitons in \(\mathcal {PT}\)-symmetric coupled waveguides

  • Ji-tao Li
  • Yu Zhu
  • Quan-tao Liu
  • Jin-zhong Han
  • Yue-yue Wang
  • Chao-qing Dai
Original Paper

Abstract

A variable-coefficient coupled nonlinear Schrödinger equation with balanced gain and loss is studied, and two kinds of analytical Kuznetsov–Ma soliton solutions including combined Kuznetsov–Ma soliton solution and crossing two-Kuznetsov–Ma soliton solution are obtained. In a diffraction decreasing system, the control for the excitation of two kinds of Kuznetsov–Ma soliton including rear excitation, peak excitation and initial excitation is investigated. The different peak locations of Kuznetsov–Ma soliton along the propagation direction appear repeatedly, which makes rear excitation, peak excitation and initial excitation happen again and again.

Keywords

Vector combined and crossing Kuznetsov–Ma solitons Coupled nonlinear Schrödinger equation \({\mathcal {PT}}\)-symmetry  Controllable excitation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11404289 and 11547227), the Education Department of Henan Province (16A140040) and the High-level Talents Research and Startup Foundation Projects for Doctors of Zhoukou Normal University (ZKNUC2015104).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ji-tao Li
    • 1
  • Yu Zhu
    • 1
  • Quan-tao Liu
    • 2
  • Jin-zhong Han
    • 1
  • Yue-yue Wang
    • 3
  • Chao-qing Dai
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Physics and Telecommunications EngineeringZhoukou Normal UniversityZhoukouChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Silicate Materials for ArchitecturesWuhan University of TechnologyWuhanChina
  3. 3.School of SciencesZhejiang Agriculture and Forestry UniversityLin’anChina

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