Analytical solutions for asymmetric periodic motions to chaos in a hardening Duffing oscillator
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In this paper, the analytical dynamics of asymmetric periodic motions in the periodically forced, hardening Duffing oscillator is investigated via the generalized harmonic balance method. For the hardening Duffing oscillator, the symmetric periodic motions were extensively investigated with the aim of a good understanding of solutions with jumping phenomena. However, the asymmetric periodic motions for the hardening Duffing oscillators have not been obtained yet, and such asymmetric periodic motions are very important to find routes of periodic motions to chaos in the hardening Duffing oscillator analytically. Thus, the bifurcation trees from asymmetric period-1 motions to chaos are presented. The corresponding unstable periodic motions in the hardening Duffing oscillator are presented, and numerical illustrations of stable and unstable periodic motions are carried out as well. This investigation provides a comprehensive understanding of chaos mechanism in the hardening Duffing oscillator.
KeywordsHardening Duffing oscillator Asymmetric periodic motions Symmetric periodic motions Hopf bifurcation Saddle-node bifurcation
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