Nonlinear Dynamics

, Volume 70, Issue 4, pp 2475–2486 | Cite as

Dynamics analysis of a parallel hip joint simulator with four degree of freedoms (3R1T)

  • Gang Cheng
  • Xianlei Shan
Original Paper


For a hip joint simulator with a 3SPS+1PS spatial parallel manipulator as the core module, a formulation based on the Kane equation was derived for the dynamic characteristics of the simulator from the kinematics analysis of the model. The relationships of the velocities and accelerations between the moving platform and active branched-chains were deduced. The velocity and angular velocity components of the moving platform were served as the generalized velocities. And the dynamic model was established by obtaining the generalized active forces and inertial forces. Then the driving forces and powers of the active branched-chains and the constraint reaction forces of the intermediate branched-chain were simulated in the numerical method. The results showed that the active driving forces of the branched-chains reached their respective maximum when the moving platform rotated into 0.13 around X-axis, 2 around Y-axis, and 18 around Z-axis. And the intermediate branched-chain needed to balance the driving and inertia forces, as well as support the moving platform and load the force of hydraulic cylinder. Therefore, the maximum constraint reaction force of the intermediate branched-chain is along the Z-axis. The research works provided a theoretical basis for the design of the active branched-chains driving system and the structural parameters of the intermediate branched-chain, as well as for the control system.


Parallel mechanism Hip joint simulator Kane equation Dynamics analysis 



Financial support for this work, provided by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 50905180, 51275512), the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions, and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. 2012QNA28) is gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical and Electrical EngineeringChina University of Mining and TechnologyXuzhouChina

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