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Nonlinear Dynamics

, Volume 51, Issue 3, pp 399–407 | Cite as

Increase of order in seismic processes around large reservoir induced by water level periodic variation

  • Teimuraz MatcharashviliEmail author
  • Tamaz Chelidze
  • Joachim Peinke
Original Paper

Abstract

The importance of small periodic influences on the complex systems behavior is well acknowledged. In the present research, the possible impact of water level variation in large reservoir on the dynamics of local seismic activity was investigated. Large reservoirs located in the seismically active zones are often considered as a factor, quantitatively and qualitatively influencing earthquakes generation. During impoundment or after it, both the number and magnitude of earthquakes around reservoir significantly increases. After several years, these changes in earthquake generation, named as reservoir-induced seismicity (RIS) essentially decrease down to the level, when lesser earthquakes occur with lower magnitudes. To explain this decrease, the authors of the present paper recently proposed the model of phase synchronization of local seismic activity by the periodic variation of the water level – reservoir-induced synchronization of seismicity (RISS).

Generally, RISS presumes a kind of control of local seismic activity by synchronizing small external periodic influence and hence increase of order in dynamics of regional seismic activity. To reveal these changes in dynamics of phase-synchronized seismic activity around large reservoir field, seismic and water level variation data were analyzed in the present work. Laboratory stick–slip acoustic emission data as a model of natural seismicity were also analyzed.

The evidence is presented that increase of order in dynamics of daily earthquake occurrence, earthquakes temporal, and energy distribution took place around Enguri high dam water reservoir (Western Georgia) during the periodic variation of the water level in the lake.

Keywords

Acoustic emission Dynamics Earthquakes Reservoir Water level variations 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Teimuraz Matcharashvili
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tamaz Chelidze
    • 1
  • Joachim Peinke
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Geophysics of Georgian Academy of SciencesTbilisiGeorgia
  2. 2.Institute of PhysicsUniversity of OldenburgOldenburgGermany

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