Natural Hazards

, Volume 100, Issue 2, pp 571–593 | Cite as

A review of risk analysis methods for natural disasters

  • Ruiling Sun
  • Ge Gao
  • Zaiwu GongEmail author
  • Jie Wu
Original Paper


Between 1998 and 2017, 1.3 million people were killed and another 4.4 billion were left injured, homeless, displaced, or in need of emergency assistance due to climate-related and geophysical disasters. A risk analysis of natural disasters is helpful not only for disaster prevention and reduction, but also in reducing economic and social losses. Currently, there are many methods for natural disaster risk analysis. Based on the uncertainty, unfavorable and future characteristics of natural disaster risk, this paper summarizes the methods for disaster risk analysis based on the scope of application, research results, and focus; it also clarifies the advantages and disadvantages of various methods, as well as the scope of application, to provide a reference for selecting and optimizing methods for future disaster risk analysis.


Natural disaster Risk analysis Methods Review 



This research is partially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (71971121, 71571104), NUIST-UoR International Research Institute, the Major Project Plan of Philosophy and Social Sciences Research in Jiangsu Universities (2018SJZDA038), the 2019 Jiangsu Province Policy Guidance Program (Soft Science Research) (BR2019064), and the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness with FEDER funds (Grant number TIN2016-75850-R).


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Applied Meteorology, Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological DisastersNanjing University of Information Science and TechnologyNanjingChina
  2. 2.Nanjing Research Institute of Ecological and Environmental ProtectionNanjingChina
  3. 3.National Climate CenterBeijingChina
  4. 4.School of Management Science and EngineeringNanjing University of Information Science and TechnologyNanjingChina
  5. 5.Jiangsu Institute of Quality and StandardizationNanjingChina

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