Natural Hazards

, Volume 99, Issue 2, pp 705–714 | Cite as

Natural hazards and livestock damage in Bangladesh

  • Jatish C. Biswas
  • M. M. HaqueEmail author
  • M. Maniruzzaman
  • M. H. Ali
  • W. Kabir
  • N. Kalra
Original Paper


Natural hazards are very common in Bangladesh that take place every year and damage crops, livestock and settlements. Data on livestock, flood, drought, cyclone, tide, thunderstorm, hailstorm, waterlogging, tornado and economic damages were collected from the existing literature for 2009–2014. Hotspots of natural hazards and damaged area coverage were determined based on total score, and IDRISI3.2 was used to prepare maps. About 10–32% areas in Bangladesh are moderate to very high natural hazard-prone. Moderate and high drought vulnerabilities were observed in about 14% areas for livestock production. Low and very low flood hazards for livestock could be found in about 22–44% areas. Hotspots for cyclones covered about 17% areas, high and very high storm/tides in about 22% areas and no safe zone against thunderstorm. Hailstorm damages more livestock in north and northwest part of the country covering about 23.8% areas. Moderate damages by tornado are distributed in 84% areas. Waterlogging hotspots are in southern part of Bangladesh that covers about 7% areas and livestock in about 52% areas suffered from low to moderate waterlogging problems. As a whole, natural hazards mentioned above are responsible for economic loss of < 1–35 million US$ and < 1–11.8 million US$ in livestock and poultry sectors depending on locations. Such loss in livestock sector is like to be increased in future because of climate change impacts, indicating that proper shelter and early warning systems must be in place to minimize damages in livestock sector from natural hazards.


Cyclone Flood Drought Waterlogging Hailstorm Tornado Hotspots Economy 



We greatly acknowledge partial funding by Krishi Gobeshona Foundation for the research activities through CRP-II project.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

No conflict of interests among the authors.


  1. ADRC (Asian Disaster Reduction Center) (2018) Information on disaster risk reduction of the member countries. Accessed on 31 July 2018
  2. Ahmed M, Suphachalasai S (2014) Assessing the costs of climate change and adaptation in South Asia. Asian Development Bank and UK Aid, ManilaGoogle Scholar
  3. Ahmed F, Alam GM, Al-Amin AQ, Hassan CHB (2013) The impact of climate changes on livestock sector: challenging experience from Bangladesh. Asian J Anim Vet Adv 8:29–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Alam MZ, Carpenter-Boggs L, Mitra S, Haque MM, Halsey J, Rokonuzzaman M, Saha B, Moniruzzaman M (2017) Effect of salinity intrusion on food crops, livestock, and fish species at Kalapara coastal belt in Bangladesh. J Food Qual. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. BADC (Bangladesh Agricultural Development Corporation) (2009–2010) Program for removing waterlogging and increasing agriculture production in different districts. Annual Report 20109-2010. BADC, pp 72–80Google Scholar
  6. BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics) (2016) Bangladesh Disaster-related Statistics 2015: Climate Change and Natural Disaster Perspectives. Statistics and Informatics Division, Ministry of Planning, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, pp 165–171Google Scholar
  7. BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics) (2017) Statistics and Informatics Division, Ministry of Planning, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, 36th ednGoogle Scholar
  8. BDMRH (Bangladesh Disaster Management Reference Handbook) (2017) Disaster overview. Center for Excellence in Disaster Management & Humanitarian Assistance, 456 Hornet Avenue, Hawaii 96860-3503Google Scholar
  9. Bhuiyan MSA, Bhuiyan AKFH, Lee JH, Lee H (2017) Community based livestock breeding programs in Bangladesh: present status and challenges. J Anim Breed Genom 1:77–84. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Biswas JC, Maniruzzaman M, Haque MM, Hossain MB, Rahman MM, Naher UA, Ali MH, Kabir W (2019) Extreme climate events and fish production in Bangladesh. Environ Nat Resour Res 9:1–8Google Scholar
  11. CEGIS (Center for Environmental and Geographic Information Services) (2013) Vulnerability to climate induced drought: scenario and impactsGoogle Scholar
  12. Chowdhury QMMK, Hasan M, Ahmed J, Shykat CA, Islam MS, Hossain M (2016) Impact of climate change on livestock in Bangladesh: a review of what we know and what we need to know. Am J Agric Sci Eng Technol 3:18–25Google Scholar
  13. DLS (Department of Livestock) (2018) Livestock economy at a glance. Accessed on 22 July 2018
  14. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) (2015) Mapping exercise on water logging in south-west of Bangladesh. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed on 10 Aug 2018
  15. GED (General Economics Division) (2017) Hotspots wise problems and challenges. Bangladesh Delta Plan 2100. Bangladesh Planning Commission. Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, pp 154–158Google Scholar
  16. Hossain M, Deb U (2011) Crop agriculture and agrarian reforms in Bangladesh: present status and future options. In: Mujeri MK, Alam S (eds) Sixth Five Year Plan of Bangladesh 2011–2015: background papers, vol 2. Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies and Ministry of Planning, Dhaka, pp 1–24Google Scholar
  17. INFORM (Index for Risk Management) (2018) Accessed on 25 July 2018
  18. Islam F, Alam MP, Hossain MS, Leena SA, Islam MR, Hasan SMR (2016) Prospect and challenges of homestead cattle production in the villages of Chapai Nawabganj district in Bangladesh. Int J Agron Agric Res 9:44–50Google Scholar
  19. JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency) (2018) Bangladesh. Bangladesh. Disaster risk reduction- prevention, mitigation, rehabilitation and recovery- and reinforced governance is fundamental of resilient society. Challenges and Cooperation Policy. Accessed on 31 July 2018
  20. Mack LA, Felver-Gant JN, Dennis RL, Cheng HW (2013) Genetic variation alter production and behavioral responses following heat stress in 2 strains of laying hens. Poult Sci 92:285–294CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. MoEF (Ministry of Environment and Forest) (2009) Climate change, adaptation plan of action, 2009. Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of Bangladesh, DhakaGoogle Scholar
  22. Rahman S (2016) Agroecological, land-elevation and socioeconomic determinants of raising livestock in Bangladesh. Agriculture 8:1–15. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rahman S, Begum IA, Alam MJ (2014) Livestock in Bangladesh: Distribution, growth, performance and potential. Livestock Res Rural Dev, 26, Article # 173.
  24. Thorton P, van de Steeg J, Notenbaert MH, Herrero M (2009) The impacts of climate change on livestock and livestock systems in developing countries: a review of what we know and what we need to know. Agric Syst 101:113–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jatish C. Biswas
    • 1
  • M. M. Haque
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. Maniruzzaman
    • 1
  • M. H. Ali
    • 2
  • W. Kabir
    • 2
  • N. Kalra
    • 3
  1. 1.Bangladesh Rice Research InstituteGazipurBangladesh
  2. 2.Krishi Gobeshona FoundationDhakaBangladesh
  3. 3.Indian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations