Natural Hazards

, Volume 97, Issue 3, pp 1253–1276 | Cite as

Drought adaptation measures and their effectiveness at Barind Tract in northwest Bangladesh: a perception study

  • Md. Saiful IslamEmail author
  • Md. Zakir Hossain
  • Md. Bahuddin Sikder
Original Paper


Drought is a natural calamity frequently occurs at Barind Tract in northwest Bangladesh and affects both the human and natural life. An initiative has been taken to investigate the drought adaptation scenario practicing in Barind Tract as well as their effectiveness according to farmers’ perception. This study is mainly based on primary data collected through a structured questionnaire by surveying the farming households from ten unions of three districts in western Barind. Farmers’ perception about the effectiveness of adaptation measures has been measured using a five-point Likert scale. An indexing formula is developed to rank those measures based on their effectiveness level. The study found that several numbers of adaptation measures are practicing in Barind Tract that can be grouped into two classes: (1) adaptation measures implemented by farmers and (2) adaptation measures implemented by the Barind Multipurpose Development Authority (BMDA). Maximum measures implemented by farmers are mainly agriculture and economic activities oriented, although most of the farmers are not able to undertake proper adaptation measure by their own initiative due to lack of capacity. On the other hand, BMDA’s adaptation approaches are mainly related to development of irrigation, livelihood, food security, and environmental protection. Most of these approaches are found effective, according to farmers’ opinion. A few are found not effective mainly due to poor management and implementation. No linear relationship exists between socioeconomic characteristics of farmers and their perceptions regarding effectiveness of the measures. Exploitation of groundwater is found as the major challenge regarding future drought management. Surface water harvesting and lowering the dependency on groundwater might be the potential solution.


Drought Adaptation BMDA Barind Tract Northwest Bangladesh 



The authors acknowledge the fund granted by the Ministry of Science and Technology of the government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh under the NST Fellowship Program in 2016–2017 FY. Cordial thanks are expressed to Md. Masum Billah and Mizanur Rahman for their assistance during household survey.


This study was funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh under the NST Fellowship Program in 2016–2017 FY [Grant Order No. 93.00.0000.].

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geography and EnvironmentShahjalal University of Science and TechnologySylhetBangladesh
  2. 2.Department of StatisticsShahjalal University of Science and TechnologySylhetBangladesh

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