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Natural Hazards

, Volume 93, Issue 2, pp 559–576 | Cite as

Flood prediction and mitigation in coastal tourism areas, a case study: Hurghada, Egypt

  • Hany F. Abd-Elhamid
  • Ismail Fathy
  • Martina Zeleňáková
Original Paper

Abstract

Flood mitigation involves the management and control of floodwater movement, such as redirecting flood runoff through the use of floodwalls and flood gates, rather than trying to prevent floods altogether. The prevention and mitigation of flooding can be studied on three levels: on individual properties, small communities, and whole towns or cities. The current study area is located in Hurghada on the Red Sea, which is considered an important area for coastal tourism. The study area is located at distance 7.50 km from El Gouna city along the Red Sea and east of Hurghada–Al Ismaileya road. The aim of this research is to derive the runoff flow paths across the study area and their flow magnitudes under different rainfall events of 10, 25, 50, and 100 year return periods in order to design the flood mitigation measures to protect such important areas. Field data (e.g., topographic data and rainfall intensities) were collected for the study area. The results indicated that the site is exposed to high flash flood risk and protection work is required. In order to protect the area from flood risks, locations of number of drainage channels and dams were selected and designed based on flood quantity and direction. The proposed mitigation system is capable of protecting this crucial area from flood risks and increases the national income from tourism. This study can be applied in different areas of Egypt and the world.

Keywords

Flash flood Flood protection Drainage channels Dams Red Sea coast 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Water and Water Structures Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringZagazig UniversityZagazigEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Civil EngineeringTechnical University of KošiceKošiceSlovakia

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