Advertisement

Natural Hazards

, Volume 93, Issue 1, pp 349–371 | Cite as

A driving–driven perspective on the key carbon emission sectors in China

  • Liyin Shen
  • Yingli Lou
  • Yali Huang
  • Jindao Chen
Original Paper

Abstract

Recognition of key emission sectors is crucial for carbon reduction. This study identifies key emission sectors and analyzes driving and driven effects of these sectors in the context of China. The Input–Output approach is used to identify key emission sectors. The data used for analysis are collected from Input–Output Table and Energy Statistical Yearbook issued by the National Bureau of Statistics of China for the period of 1990–2012. Three types of key emission sectors are classified in this study, namely overall key sectors, driving-dominant sectors, and driven-dominant sectors. The major overall key emission sectors include Coal Mining and Dressing; Petroleum Processing and Coking; Chemical Products; Metals Smelting and Pressing; Production and Supply of Electric Power, Gas and Water; and Transportation, Storage, Postal and Telecommunications Services. There is one driving-dominant sector, which is Nonmetal Mineral Products. The major driven-dominant sectors include Petroleum and Natural Gas Extraction; Wholesale, Retail Trade, Lodging and Catering Services; and Others (such as finance, property, research and development, entertainment, health, education, and public facilities). Suggestions from policy implications for emission reduction are proposed. The research findings provide important references for the Chinese government to adopt appropriate emission reduction measures, particularly in addressing these key emission sectors.

Keywords

Industrial sectors Key emission sectors Driving and driven effects Carbon emission reduction Input–Output analysis China 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Funding was provided by National Social Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 15AZD025).

Supplementary material

11069_2018_3304_MOESM1_ESM.docx (61 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 61 kb)

References

  1. Akimoto K, Sano F, Homma T, Oda J, Nagashima M, Kii M (2010) Estimates of GHG emission reduction potential by country, sector, and cost. Energy Policy 38:3384–3393CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alcántara V, Padilla E (2003) “Key” sectors in final energy consumption: an input–output application to the Spanish case. Energy Policy 31:1673–1678CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bhattacharya M, Rafiq S, Bhattacharya S (2015) The role of technology on the dynamics of coal consumption–economic growth: new evidence from China. Appl Energy 154:686–695CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bloch H, Rafiq S, Salim R (2012) Coal consumption, CO2 emission and economic growth in China: empirical evidence and policy responses. Energy Econ 34:518–528CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brandt AR (2015) Embodied energy and GHG emissions from material use in conventional and unconventional oil and gas operations. Environ Sci Technol 49:13059–13066CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bugge J, Kjær S, Blum R (2006) High-efficiency coal-fired power plants development and perspectives. Energy 31:1437–1445CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cai W, Wang C, Chen J, Wang K, Zhang Y, Lu X (2008) Comparison of CO2 emission scenarios and mitigation opportunities in China’s five sectors in 2020. Energy Policy 36:1181–1194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chong CH, Ma L, Li Z, Ni W, Song S (2015) Logarithmic mean Divisia index (LMDI) decomposition of coal consumption in China based on the energy allocation diagram of coal flows. Energy 85:366–378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Commission NDaR (2016) The strategy of energy production and consumption revolution (2016–2030). http://www.ndrc.gov.cn/zcfb/zcfbtz/201704/t20170425_845284.html
  10. Daniels L, Coker P, Potter B (2016) Embodied carbon dioxide of network assets in a decarbonised electricity grid. Appl Energy 180:142–154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Du L, Harrison A, Jefferson G (2014) FDI spillovers and industrial policy: the role of tariffs and tax holidays. World Dev 64:366–383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gao W, Zhu Z (2016) The technological progress route alternative of carbon productivity promotion in China’s industrial sector. Nat Hazards 82:1803–1815CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gao C, Sun M, Shen B, Li R, Tian L (2014) Optimization of China’s energy structure based on portfolio theory. Energy 77:890–897CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Geng Y, Zhao H, Liu Z, Xue B, Fujita T, Xi F (2013) Exploring driving factors of energy-related CO2 emissions in Chinese provinces: a case of Liaoning. Energy Policy 60:820–826CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Halkos GE, Tzeremes NG (2011) Oil consumption and economic efficiency: a comparative analysis of advanced, developing and emerging economies. Ecol Econ 70:1354–1362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Halsnæs K, Garg A (2011) Assessing the role of energy in development and climate policies—conceptual approach and key indicators. World Dev 39:987–1001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Huang L, Bohne RA (2012) Embodied air emissions in Norway’s construction sector: input–output analysis. Build Res Inf 40:581–591CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. IPCC (2006) 2006 IPCC guidelines for national greenhouse gas inventoriesGoogle Scholar
  19. Jiao JL, Fan Y, Wei YM (2013) The structural break and elasticity of coal demand in China: empirical findings from 1980 to 2006. Int J Glob Energy Issues 31:331–344 (314)Google Scholar
  20. Li BB, Liang QM, Wang JC (2015) A comparative study on prediction methods for China’s medium- and long-term coal demand. Energy 93:1671–1683CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Liang S, Zhang T (2011) What is driving CO2 emissions in a typical manufacturing center of South China? The case of Jiangsu Province. Energy Policy 39:7078–7083CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lin B, Long H (2016) Emissions reduction in China’s chemical industry—based on LMDI. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 53:1348–1355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Liu H, Liu W, Fan X, Zou W (2015a) Carbon emissions embodied in demand–supply chains in China. Energy Econ 50:294–305CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Liu Z, Li L, Zhang YJ (2015b) Investigating the CO2 emission differences among China’s transport sectors and their influencing factors. Nat Hazards 77:1323–1343CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Luzon B, Elsayegh SM (2016) Evaluating supplier selection criteria for oil and gas projects in the UAE using AHP and Delphi. Int J Construct Manag 1–9Google Scholar
  26. Moullec YL (2013) Conceptual study of a high efficiency coal-fired power plant with CO2 capture using a supercritical CO2 Brayton cycle. Energy 49:32–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. National Bureau of Statistics of China (2013) China energy statistical yearbook. China Statistic Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  28. National Bureau of Statistics of China (2015) China energy statistical yearbook. China Statistic Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  29. Othman J, Jafari Y (2016) Identification of the key sectors that produce CO2 emissions in Malaysia: application of input–output analysis. Carbon Manag 113–124Google Scholar
  30. Pack H (2010) Productivity and industrial development in sub-Saharan Africa. World Dev 21:1–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Quader MA, Ahmed S, Ghazilla RAR, Ahmed S, Dahari M (2015) A comprehensive review on energy efficient CO2 breakthrough technologies for sustainable green iron and steel manufacturing. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 50:594–614CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Roh S, Tae S, Suk SJ, Ford G, Shin S (2016) Development of a building life cycle carbon emissions assessment program (BEGAS 2.0) for Korea’s green building index certification system. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 53:954–965CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Shan Y, Liu Z, Guan D (2016) CO2 emissions from China’s lime industry. Appl Energy 166:245–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Shen L, Shuai C, Jiao L, Tan Y, Song X (2016a) A global perspective on the sustainable performance of urbanization. Sustainability 8:783CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Shen L, Song X, Wu Y, Liao S, Zhang X (2016b) Interpretive structural modeling based factor analysis on the implementation of emission trading system in the Chinese building sector. J Clean Prod 127:214–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Shen L, Shuai C, Jiao L, Tan Y, Song X (2017) Dynamic sustainability performance during urbanization process between BRICS countries. Habitat Int 60:19–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Shuai C, Chen X, Shen L, Jiao L, Wu Y, Tan Y (2017a) The turning points of carbon Kuznets curve: evidences from panel and time-series data of 164 countries. J Clean Prod 162:1031–1047CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Shuai C, Shen L, Jiao L, Wu Y, Tan Y (2017b) Identifying key impact factors on carbon emission: evidences from panel and time-series data of 125 countries from 1990 to 2011. Appl Energy 187:310–325CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Singh A, Mishra N, Ali SI, Shukla N, Shankar R (2015) Cloud computing technology: reducing carbon footprint in beef supply chain. Int J Prod Econ 164:462–471CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Song M, Zhang J, Wang S (2015) Review of the network environmental efficiencies of listed petroleum enterprises in China. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 43:65–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Su B, Thomson E (2016) China’s carbon emissions embodied in (normal and processing) exports and their driving forces, 2006–2012. Energy Econ 59:414–422CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Tan Y, Shuai C, Jiao L, Shen L (2017) An adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) approach for measuring country sustainability performance. Environ Impact Assess Rev 65:29–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Tarancón MÁ, Río PD, Callejas F (2011) Determining the responsibility of manufacturing sectors regarding electricity consumption. The Spanish Case Energy 36:46–52Google Scholar
  44. Wei C, Löschel A, Liu B (2015) Energy-saving and emission-abatement potential of Chinese coal-fired power enterprise: a non-parametric analysis. Energy Econ 49:33–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Xie X, Shao S, Lin B (2016) Exploring the driving forces and mitigation pathways of CO2 emissions in China’s petroleum refining and coking industry: 1995–2031. Appl EnergyGoogle Scholar
  46. Xu T, Zhang B, Feng L, Masri M, Honarvar A (2011) Economic impacts and challenges of China’s petroleum industry: an input–output analysis. Energy 36:2905–2911CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Yan J, Chou SK, Chen B, Sun F, Jia H, Yang J (2017) Clean, affordable and reliable energy systems for low carbon city transition. Appl Energy 194:305–309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Zhang Y-J, Da Y-B (2013) Decomposing the changes of energy-related carbon emissions in China: evidence from the PDA approach. Nat Hazards 69:1109–1122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Zhang YJ, Hao JF (2015) The allocation of carbon emission intensity reduction target by 2020 among provinces in China. Nat Hazards 79:921–937CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Zhang X, Wang F (2015) Life-cycle assessment and control measures for carbon emissions of typical buildings in China. Build Environ 86:89–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Zhang L, Hu Q, Zhang F (2014a) Input–output modeling for urban energy consumption in Beijing: dynamics and comparison. PLoS ONE 9:e89850CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Zhang YJ, Liu Z, Zhang H, Tan TD (2014b) The impact of economic growth, industrial structure and urbanization on carbon emission intensity in China. Nat Hazards 73:579–595CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Zhang G, Yang Y, Xu G, Zhang K, Zhang D (2015a) CO2 capture by chemical absorption in coal-fired power plants: energy-saving mechanism, proposed methods, and performance analysis. Int J Greenhouse Gas Control 39:449–462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Zhang Q, Nakatani J, Moriguchi Y (2015b) Compilation of an embodied CO2 emission inventory for China using 135-sector Input–Output tables. Sustainability 7:8223–8239CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Zhao X, Hwang BG, Hong NL (2016a) Identifying critical leadership styles of project managers for green building projects. Int J Construct Manag 1-11Google Scholar
  56. Zhao Y, Wang S, Zhang Z, Liu Y, Ahmad A (2016b) Driving factors of carbon emissions embodied in China–US trade: a structural decomposition analysis. J Clean Prod 131:678–689CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Construction Management and Real Estate, International Research Center for Sustainable Built EnvironmentChongqing UniversityChongqingChina
  2. 2.Department of Construction Management and Real Estate, School of Economics and ManagementTongji UniversityShanghaiChina

Personalised recommendations