Advertisement

Natural Hazards

, Volume 93, Issue 1, pp 125–146 | Cite as

Unpacking local impacts of climate change: learning with a coastal community in Central Vietnam

  • Nguyen Huu Trung 
Original Paper

Abstract

Large-scale climate models (LCM) have been used to understand climate change and its effects, but there remains a concern about their inability fully to reflect local contexts and about a high degree of their uncertainty. Through a case study that involved residents of a coastal community in Central Vietnam, this paper presents how local people perceive climate change and characterize climate impacts on their life. Findings of the study show that local people perceive a variety of important manifestations of climate change, especially temperature, rainfall, sea level rise and monsoons, although they have limited ideas about future climate change. In addition, local people unpack the complexity of climate impacts through interactions among climatic events, livelihoods and the five capitals (physical, natural, financial, human and social resources). Findings of the research suggest that it will be necessary to move away from viewing coastal villages in Vietnam as homogenous units with shared climate experiences, and to combine both local experience and scientific evidence based on LCMs to promote the synergies and address the limitations of the two sources of information for climate interventions at the local level.

Keywords

Climate change Coastal communities Five capitals Livelihoods Natural hazards Vietnam 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was conducted as part of the doctoral thesis of the first author. He acknowledges the graduate scholarships from Carleton University and the IDRC Doctoral Award from the International Development and Research Centre to conduct this research. He also appreciates the valuable mentorship from Dr. Michael Brklacich, Dr. Peter Ricketts, and Dr. Nguyen Quang Dung. He would like to thank Mr. Pham Trong Yen, Mr. Hoang Dinh Lien, Mr. Nguyen Van Hoa, Nguyen Huu Nam, Bui Thi Thuy Nhi, Nguyen Hien Thi for their great help. In addition, the collaboration from the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development and the Department of Natural Resources and Environment of Quang Tri Province, Trieu An commune, as well as leaders and Tuong Van villagers is highly acknowledged.

References

  1. Bebbington A (1999) Capitals and capabilities: a framework for analyzing peasant viability, rural livelihoods and poverty. World Devel 27(12):2021–2044.  https://doi.org/10.1016/s0305-750x(99)00104-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brklacich M (2006) Advancing our understanding of the vulnerability of farming to climate change. Erde 137(3):181–198Google Scholar
  3. Brooks N, Adger WN, Kelly PM (2005) The determinants of vulnerability and adaptive capacity at the national level and the implications for adaptation. Glob Environ Change 15(2):151–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bryant E (2005) Natural hazards. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  5. Byg A, Salick J (2009) Local perspectives on a global phenomenon—climate change in Eastern Tibetan villages. Glob Environ Change 19(2):156–166.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2009.01.010 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cardona DO (2011) Disaster risk and vulnerability: concepts and measurement of human and environmental insecurity. In: Brauch HG, Spring UO, Mesjasz C, Grin J, Kameri-Mbote P (eds) Coping with global environmental change, disasters and security: threats, challenges, vulnerabilities and risks, vol 5. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  7. Cash DW, Adger WN, Berkes F, Garden P, Lebel L, Olsson P, Young O (2006) Scale and cross-scale dynamics: governance and information in a multilevel world. Ecol Soc 11(2):8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. CCFSC (2009) Summary of damages caused by natural disasters in 2009. Retrieved April 1, 2012, from Central Committee for Flood and Storm Control (CCFSC) http://www.ccfsc.gov.vn/showcsdl.aspx?dbid=420
  9. Chau VN, Holland J, Cassells S (2014) Institutional structures underpinning flood management in Vietnam. Int J Disast Risk Re 10:341–348.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2014.10.008 Google Scholar
  10. Dowlatabadi H, Morgan MG (1993) Integrated assessment of climate change. Science 259(5103):1813–1932CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. GOV (2007) The national strategy for national disaster prevention, response and Mitigation to 2020. The Government of Vietnam (GOV), HanoiGoogle Scholar
  12. GOV (2008) The national target program to respond to climate change. The Government of Vietnam (GOV), HanoiGoogle Scholar
  13. GOV (2012) The national target program to respond to climate change for the period of 2012 and 2015. The Government of Vietnam (GOV), HanoiGoogle Scholar
  14. GSO (2014) Statistical yearbook of Vietnam. Statistical Publishing House, HanoiGoogle Scholar
  15. Herslund LB, Jalayer F, Jean-Baptiste N, Jørgensen G, Kabisch S, Kombe W, Vedeld T (2015) A multi-dimensional assessment of urban vulnerability to climate change in Sub-Saharan Africa. Nat Hazards.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-015-1856-x Google Scholar
  16. IPCC (2007) Climate change 2007: synthesis report. contribution of working groups I, II and III to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  17. IPCC (2014) Climate change 2014: impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability. In: Field CB, Barros VR, Dokken DJ, Mach KJ, Mastrandrea MD, Bilir TE, Chatterjee M, Ebi KL, Estrada YO, Genova RC, Girma B, Kissel ES, Levy AN, MacCracken S, Mastrandrea PR, White LL (eds) Part A: global and sectoral aspects. contribution of working group II to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  18. Joseph V, Thornton A, Pearson S, Paull D (2013) Occupational transitions in three coastal villages in Central Java, Indonesia, in the context of sea level rise: a case study. Nat Hazards 69(1):675–694.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-013-0735-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kirsch-Wood J (2015) Viet Nam: National progress report on the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action (2013–2015): United Nations Development Programme—Viet Nam (UNDP Viet Nam)Google Scholar
  20. Le Dang H, Li E, Bruwer J, Nuberg I (2014) Farmers’ perceptions of climate variability and barriers to adaptation: lessons learned from an exploratory study in Vietnam. Mitig Adapt Strat Glob Change 19(5):531–548.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11027-012-9447-6 Google Scholar
  21. Lechat MF (1990) The international decade for natural disaster reduction: background and objectives. Disasters 14(1):1–6.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7717.1990.tb00967.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Manandhar S, Vogt DS, Perret SR, Kazama F (2011) Adapting cropping systems to climate change in Nepal: a cross-regional study of farmers’ perception and practices. Reg Environ Change 11(2):335–348.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-010-0137-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mertz O, Mbow C, Reenberg A, Diouf A (2009) Farmers’ perceptions of climate change and agricultural adaptation strategies in rural Sahel. Environ Manage 43(5):804–816.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-008-9197-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. MONRE (2009) Climate change, sea level rise scenarios for Viet Nam: Vietnam’s Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE)Google Scholar
  25. MONRE (2016) Climate change, sea level rise scenarios for Viet Nam: Vietnams Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE)Google Scholar
  26. MPI (2014) Vietnam employment survey in 2013: Vietnam Ministry of Planning and Investment (MPI)Google Scholar
  27. Nguyen TO, Few R, Phung LD, Sen LT, Phuoc NN, Tien VC, et al (2010) Climate change: agriculture impacts, adaptation and policy responses in Quang Tri province: Hue UniversityGoogle Scholar
  28. Nguyen L, Watanabe T, Funakawa S (2014) Spatiotemporal variability in soil salinity and its effects on rice (Oryza sativa L.) production in the north central coastal region of Vietnam. Soil Sci Plant Nutr 60(6):874–885.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00380768.2014.961030 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Niles MT, Mueller ND (2016) Farmer perceptions of climate change: associations with observed temperature and precipitation trends, irrigation, and climate beliefs. Glob Environ Change 39:133–142.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.05.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Oxfam (2008) Viet Nam: climate change, adaptation and poor people. Oxfam, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  31. Porritt J (2007) Capitalism as if the world matters. Earthscan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  32. QT-DONRE (2011) Climate change scenarios and sea level rise in Quang Tri: Quang Tri Department of Natural Resources and Environment (DONRE)Google Scholar
  33. QT-PPC (2008) Quang Tri provincial action plan for implementation of the National Strategy for National Disaster Prevention, Response and Mitigation to 2020. Quang Tri provincial people’s communittee (QT-PPC), Quang TriGoogle Scholar
  34. QT-PPC (2010) Decision 05/2010/QĐ-UBND on approval for the provincial plan for integrative management of natural disaster risk up to 2020: Quang Tri provincial people’s communittee (QTPPC)Google Scholar
  35. QT-SO (2011) Quang Tri statistical yearbook. Quang Tri Statistical Office, Dong HaGoogle Scholar
  36. Reyes-García V, Fernández-Llamazares Á, Guèze M, Garcés A, Mallo M, Vila-Gómez M, Vilaseca M (2016) Local indicators of climate change: the potential contribution of local knowledge to climate research. Wiley Interdiscip Rev Clim Change 7(1):109–124.  https://doi.org/10.1002/wcc.374 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Sekhar NU (2005) Integrated coastal zone management in Vietnam: present potentials and future challenges. Ocean Coast Manag 48(9–10):813–827CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Shameem MIM, Momtaz S, Kiem AS (2015) Local perceptions of and adaptation to climate variability and change: the case of shrimp farming communities in the coastal region of Bangladesh. Clim Change.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-015-1470-7 Google Scholar
  39. Souvignet M, Laux P, Freer J, Cloke H, Thinh DQ, Thuc T, Ribbe L (2014) Recent climatic trends and linkages to river discharge in Central Vietnam. Hydrol Process 28(4):1587–1601.  https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.9693 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Srinivasa-Rao C, Gopinath KA, Prasad JVNS, Prasannakumar, Singh AK (2016) Climate resilient villages for sustainable food security in tropical India: concept, process, technologies, institutions, and impacts. Adv Agron 140:101–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Thi Hoa Sen L, Bond J (2017) Agricultural adaptation to flood in lowland rice production areas of Central Vietnam: understanding the ‘regenerated rice’ ratoon system. Clim Dev 9(3):274–285.  https://doi.org/10.1080/17565529.2016.1149440 Google Scholar
  42. Thomalla F, Downing T, Spanger-Siegfried E, Han G, Rockström J (2006) Reducing hazard vulnerability: towards a common approach between disaster risk reduction and climate adaptation. Disasters 30(1):39–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Timbal B, Fernandez E, Li Z (2009) Generalization of a statistical downscaling model to provide local climate change projections for Australia. Environ Model Softw 24(3):341–358.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2008.07.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Tompkins EL, Adger WN (2004) Does adaptive management of natural resources enhance resilience to climate change? Ecol Soc 9(2):1–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. UNDP (2004) Reducing disaster risk: a challenge for development: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Bureau for Crisis Prevention and RecoveryGoogle Scholar
  46. UNDP (2011) Climate change fact sheet: the effects of climate change in Viet Nam and the UN’s responses: United Nations Development Program (UNDP)Google Scholar
  47. van Aalst MK, Cannon T, Burton I (2008) Community level adaptation to climate change: the potential role of participatory community risk assessment. Glob Environ Change 18(1):165–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Wang HW, Kuo PH, Shiau JT (2013) Assessment of climate change impacts on flooding vulnerability for lowland management in southwestern Taiwan. Nat Hazards 68(2):1001–1019.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-013-0670-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Wilbanks TJ (2005) Issues in developing a capacity for integrated analysis of mitigation and adaptation. Environ Sci Policy 8(6):541–547CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rural Community Development CentreNational Institute of Agricultural Planning and Projection (NIAPP)HanoiVietnam

Personalised recommendations