A comprehensive flash flood defense system in China: overview, achievements, and outlook
The National Flash Flood Prevention Project, which mainly consists of non-structural and supplementary structural measures, has been conducted for 6 years in China. Some preliminary achievements have contributed to the prevention of flash flood in China. Based on the latest information, this article introduces China’s flash flood prevention system, primarily from the perspective of its development process, components, investment, and characteristics. To date, the system has incorporated many distinguished large-scale features such as the largest rain gauge network (approximately 0.5 million stations) in the world, massive disaster observation and preparedness networks, people-and-expert combined monitoring and forecasting data integration system, and a vast implementation area. Based on its early achievements and some typical case investigations of such flash flood prevention system, the article also discusses China’s prospects for preventing flash flood disasters in the future.
KeywordsFlash flood Prevention system China
This work was supported by the China National Flash Flood Disaster Prevention and Control Project (126301001000150068) and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (2015B28514). The authors are grateful to Manabendra Saharia for the help in translating this article. Additional thanks are given to some anonymous reviewers for their comments and suggestions.
- Cheng XT (2008) Recent progress in flood and drought management research. J China Inst Water Resour Hydropower Res 6:191–198 (in Chinese) Google Scholar
- Flash Flood Prevention Project Group of China (FFPPG) (2013) Implementation plan of national flash flood disaster prevention. http://www.qgshzh.com/
- Guo L (2017) Achievements and preliminary analysis on China national flash flood disasters investigation and evaluation. J Geo-inf Sci 19(12):1548–1556 (in Chinese) Google Scholar
- Gruntfest EC, Downing T, White G (1978) Big Thompson flood exposes need for better flood reaction system to save lives. Civ Eng 48(2):72–73Google Scholar
- He BS, Li Q (2014) Exploration on present situation and developing tendency of mountain flood disaster prevention technology. China Water Resour 18:11–13 (in Chinese) Google Scholar
- He BS, Huang X, Ma M, Chang Q, Tu Y, Li Q et al (2017) Analysis of flash flood disaster characteristics in china from 2011 to 2015. Nat Hazards 3:1–14Google Scholar
- Ma MH, He BS, Chang QR et al (2015) Flash flood disasters and soil erosion prevention. China Flood Drought Manag 25(2):34–38 (in Chinese) Google Scholar
- Schmidt JA, Anderson AJ, Paul JH (2007) Spatially-variable, physically-derived flash flood guidance. Preprints 21st conference on hydrology, San Antonio. Amer Meteor Soc 6B.2Google Scholar
- Zhang ZT (2016) The measures and effects of mountain torrent disaster prevention and control. J Water Resour Hydropower Eng 47(1):1–5 (in Chinese) Google Scholar
- Zhang P, Zhao J et al (2009) National flash flood control planning. The Yangtze River Press, Wuhan (in Chinese) Google Scholar