Natural Hazards

, Volume 92, Issue 2, pp 727–740 | Cite as

A comprehensive flash flood defense system in China: overview, achievements, and outlook

  • Liang Guo
  • Bingshun HeEmail author
  • Meihong MaEmail author
  • Qingrui Chang
  • Qing Li
  • Ke Zhang
  • Yang Hong
Original Paper


The National Flash Flood Prevention Project, which mainly consists of non-structural and supplementary structural measures, has been conducted for 6 years in China. Some preliminary achievements have contributed to the prevention of flash flood in China. Based on the latest information, this article introduces China’s flash flood prevention system, primarily from the perspective of its development process, components, investment, and characteristics. To date, the system has incorporated many distinguished large-scale features such as the largest rain gauge network (approximately 0.5 million stations) in the world, massive disaster observation and preparedness networks, people-and-expert combined monitoring and forecasting data integration system, and a vast implementation area. Based on its early achievements and some typical case investigations of such flash flood prevention system, the article also discusses China’s prospects for preventing flash flood disasters in the future.


Flash flood Prevention system China 



This work was supported by the China National Flash Flood Disaster Prevention and Control Project (126301001000150068) and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (2015B28514). The authors are grateful to Manabendra Saharia for the help in translating this article. Additional thanks are given to some anonymous reviewers for their comments and suggestions.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Center on Flood and Drought Disaster Reduction of the MWRBeijingChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River BasinChina Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower ResearchBeijingChina
  3. 3.Beijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  4. 4.State Key Laboratory of Hydroscience and Engineering, Department of Hydraulic EngineeringTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina
  5. 5.College of Hydrology and Water ResourcesHohai UniversityNanjingChina

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