Natural Hazards

, Volume 92, Issue 1, pp 369–379 | Cite as

Flow instabilities in two-phase or supercritical crust fluids and its possible relevance to seismo-electromagnetic disturbances

  • Nadezda V. Yagova
  • Viktor V. Yagov
  • Ashwini K. Sinha
  • Masashi Hayakawa
  • Evgeny N. Fedorov
  • Geeta Vichare
Original Paper


Flow pulsations in two-phase and single-phase near-critical fluids are considered as a possible source of ultra-low-frequency seismo-electromagnetic variations. The conditions for generation and suppression of density wave instability in the crust are analyzed and the surface electromagnetic effect due to streaming potential generation is estimated. The upper limit of amplitude of magnetic field variations due to density wave instability is about 0.1 nT for single-phase supercritical and 1 nT for two-phase flow oscillations in the frequency range \(10^{-4}{-}10^{-2}~\) Hz for the temperature gradients and spatial scales possible during strike slip events. The signal is characterized by a decaying amplitude with typical relaxation time of about several quasi-periods. The possibility of generation of very low-frequency flow pulsations in two-phase fluids via individual bubble evolution and interaction with external acoustic waves is discussed.


Seismo-electromagnetics Two-phase fluid Electrokinetic effect 



The authors are grateful to Prof. S. Uyeda for helpful discussions and the interest to the problem. This work is supported by the RFBR grant 15-55-45064.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Schmidt Institute of Physics of the Earth of the Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.National Research University MPEI (Moscow Power-Engineering Institute)MoscowRussia
  3. 3.Indian Institute of GeomagnetismNavi MumbaiIndia
  4. 4.Hayakawa Institute of Seismo Electromagnetics, Co. Ltd.Chofu TokyoJapan

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