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Natural Hazards

, Volume 87, Issue 2, pp 1189–1222 | Cite as

Numerical simulation of the 30–45 ka debris avalanche flow of Montagne Pelée volcano, Martinique: from volcano flank collapse to submarine emplacement

  • Morgane BrunetEmail author
  • Laurent Moretti
  • Anne Le Friant
  • Anne Mangeney
  • Enrique Domingo Fernández Nieto
  • Francois Bouchut
Original Paper

Abstract

We simulate here the emplacement of the debris avalanche generated by the last flank collapse event of Montagne Pelée volcano (30–45 ka), Martinique, Lesser Antilles. Our objective is to assess the maximum distance (i.e., runout) that can be reached by this type of debris avalanche as a function of the volume involved. Numerical simulations are performed using two complementary depth-averaged thin-layer continuum models because no complete models were available in the literature. The first model, SHALTOP, accurately describes dry granular flows over a 3D topography and may be easily extended to describe submarine avalanches. The second model, HYSEA, describes the subaerial and submarine parts of the avalanche as well as its interaction with the water column. However, HYSEA less accurately describes the thin-layer approximation on the 3D topography. Simulations were undertaken testing different empirical friction laws and debris avalanche volume flows. Our study suggests that large collapses (~25 km3) probably occurred in several times with successive volumes smaller than about 5 km3 entering the sea. This result provides new constraints on the emplacement processes of debris avalanches associated with these collapses which can drastically change the related hazard assessment such as the generated tsunami, in a region known for its seismic and volcanic risks.

Keywords

Numerical modeling Volcano flank collapse Montagne Pelée volcano Martinique Debris avalanche deposit 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Christine Deplus and staff scientists for the data provided by the AGUADOMAR and CARAVAL cruises. IGN provided to IPGP volcano observatories the DTM of Martinique Island used in this study. This study was financially supported by the ANR-13-BS06-0009 CARIB and the Labex UnivEarthS. For the numerical aspects, this work has been funded by the ANR contract ANR-11-BS01-0016 LANDQUAKES, the USPC PEGES project and the ERC contract ERC-CG-2013-PE10-617472 SLIDEQUAKES and the Spanish Government and FEDER through the Research Project MTM2015-70490-C2-2-R.

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire des Systèmes VolcaniquesInstitut de Physique du Globe de Paris, Sorbonne Paris Cité, CNRS UMR 7154ParisFrance
  2. 2.ANGE Team, CEREMA, INRIALab. J. Louis LionsParisFrance
  3. 3.Departamento Matemática Aplicada I, E.T.S. ArquitecturaUniversidad de SevillaSevillaSpain
  4. 4.Laboratoire d’Analyse et de Mathématiques Appliquées, CNRS, UPEM, UPECUniversité Paris-Est Marne-la-ValléeChamps-sur-MarneFrance

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