Natural Hazards

, Volume 83, Issue 1, pp 523–540

Spatial, temporal, and content analysis of Twitter for wildfire hazards

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s11069-016-2329-6

Cite this article as:
Wang, Z., Ye, X. & Tsou, MH. Nat Hazards (2016) 83: 523. doi:10.1007/s11069-016-2329-6


Social media data are increasingly being used for enhancing situational awareness and assisting disaster management. We analyzed the wildfire-related Twitter activities in terms of their attributes pertinent to space, time, content, and network, so as to gain insights into the usefulness of social media data in revealing situational awareness. Findings show that social media data can characterize the wildfire across space and over time, and thus are applicable to provide useful information on disaster situations. Second, people have strong geographical awareness during wildfire hazards and are interested in communicating situational updates related to wildfire damage (e.g., containment percentage and burned acres), wildfire response (e.g., evacuation), and appreciation to firefighters. Third, news media and local authorities are opinion leaders and play a dominant role in the wildfire retweet network.


Social media Disaster Emergency management Twitter Wildfire San Diego 

Funding information

Funder NameGrant NumberFunding Note
National Science Foundation
  • 1416509
  • 1416509

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeographyKent State UniversityKentUSA
  2. 2.Department of GeographySan Diego State UniversitySan DiegoUSA

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