Natural Hazards

, Volume 81, Issue 3, pp 1733–1744 | Cite as

Hazard zoning for volcanic ballistic impacts at El Chichón Volcano (Mexico)

  • Miguel A. Alatorre-Ibargüengoitia
  • Horacio Morales-Iglesias
  • Silvia G. Ramos-Hernández
  • Juan Jon-Selvas
  • Julio M. Jiménez-Aguilar
Original Paper

Abstract

The 1982 eruption of El Chichón Volcano in southeastern Mexico had a strong social, economic, and environmental impact. The eruption gave rise to the most disastrous volcanic events in Mexico, killing around 2000 inhabitants, displacing thousands, and resulting in severe economic losses. Despite some villages were relocated after this eruption, many people still live and work in the vicinities of the volcano and might be affected in the case of a new eruption. For this reason, it is important to identify the exposed zones. The published hazard map of El Chichón Volcano covers pyroclastic flows and surges, lahars, and ashfall, but not ballistic projectiles, which would represent an important threat in the case of an eruption. In fact, the fatalities reported in the first stage of the 1982 eruption were caused by ballistic projectiles and ashfall that induced roof collapse. In this study, the hazard zones for volcanic ballistic projectiles at El Chichón Volcano are delimited through a general methodology that has been applied to other volcanoes such as Popocatépetl (Alatorre-Ibarguengoitia et al. in Bull Volcanol 74:2155–2169, 2012. doi:10.1007/s00445-012-0657-2) and Colima (Alatorre-Ibarguengoitia et al. in Geol Soc Am Spec Paper 402:26–39, 2006). The maximum launching kinetic energy of projectiles identified in the field corresponding to past eruptions is reconstructed by using a ballistic model. These energies are then used to parameterize different explosion scenarios that can occur in the future. The maximum ranges expected for the projectiles in the different explosive scenarios defined for El Chichón Volcano are presented in a ballistic hazard map which complements the published hazard map. The responsible authorities may use this map to be able to mark off the restricted zones during volcanic crises.

Keywords

Volcanic hazard Volcanic eruption El Chichón Volcano Hazard map Ballistic projectiles Pyroclasts ejection 

References

  1. Alatorre-Ibargüengoitia MA, Delgado-Granados H (2006) Experimental determination of drag coefficient for volcanic materials: calibration and application of a model to Popocatépetl volcano (Mexico) ballistic projectiles. Geophys Res Lett 33:L11302. doi:10.1029/2006GL026195 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alatorre-Ibargüengoitia MA, Delgado-Granados H, Farraz-Montes IA (2006) Hazard zoning for ballistic impact during volcanic explosions at Volcán de Fuego de Colima (Mexico). Geol Soc Am Spec Paper 402:26–39Google Scholar
  3. Alatorre-Ibargüengoitia MA, Delgado-Granados H, Dingwell DB (2012) Hazards map for volcanic ballistic impacts at popocatépetl volcano (Mexico). Bull Volcanol 74:2155–2169. doi:10.1007/s00445-012-0657-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Armienta MA, De la Cruz-Reyna S, Macías JL (2000) Chemical characteristics of the crater lakes of Popocatepetl, El Chichón, and Nevado de Toluca volcanoes, Mexico. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 97(1):105–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Armienta MA, De la Cruz-Reyna S, Ramos S, Ceniceros N, Cruz O, Aguayo A, Arcega-Cabrera F (2014) Hydrogeochemical surveillance at El Chichón volcano crater lake, Chiapas, Mexico. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 285:118–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bonasia R, Costa A, Folch A, Macedonio G, Capra L (2012) Numerical simulation of tephra transport and deposition of the 1982 El Chichón eruption and implications for hazard assessment. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 231–232:39–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bower SM, Woods AW (1996) On the dispersal of clasts from volcanic craters during small explosive eruptions. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 73:19–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Capaccioni B, Tarán Y, Tassi F, Vaselli O, Mangani F, Macías JL (2004) Source conditions and degradation processes of light hydrocarbons in volcanic gases: an example from El Chichón volcano, Chiapas State of Mexico. Chem Geol 206:81–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Carey S, Sigurdsson H (1986) The 1982 eruption of El Chichón volcano, Mexico (2): observation and numerical modelling of tephra-fall distribution. Bull Volcanol 48:127–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. De la Cruz-Reyna S, Martin Del Pozzo AL (2009) The 1982 eruption of El Chichón volcano, Mexico: eyewitness of the disaster. Geofis Int 48(1):21–31Google Scholar
  11. de’ Michieli Vitturi M, Neri A, Esposti Ongaro T, Lo Savio S, Boschi S (2010) Lagrangian modeling of large volcanic particles: applications to vulcanian explosions. J Geophys Res 115:B08206. doi:10.1029/2009JB007111 Google Scholar
  12. Duffield WA, Tilling RI, Canul R (1984) Geology of Chichón volcano, Chiapas, Mexico. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 20:117–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Espíndola JM, Macías JL, Tilling RI, Sheridan MF (2000) Volcanic history of El Chichón Volcano (Chiapas, Mexico) during the Holocene, and its impact on human activity. Bull Volcanol 62:90–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fagents SA, Wilson L (1993) Explosive volcanic eruptions-VII. The ranges of pyroclasts ejected in transient volcanic explosions. Geophys J Int 113:359–370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fitzgerald RH, Tsunematsu K, Kennedy BM, Breard ECP, Lube G, Wilson TM, Jolly AD, Pawson J, Rosenberg MD, Cronin SJ (2014) The application of a calibrated 3D ballistic trajectory model to ballistic hazard assessments at Upper Te Maari, Tongariro. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 286:248–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Instituto Nacional de Estadística Geografía e Informática (INEGI) (2010) Censo de población y vivenda 2010. INEGI, Mexico. http://www.inegi.org.mx
  17. Konstantinou KI (2015) Maximum horizontal range of volcanic ballistic projectiles ejected during explosive eruptions at Santorini caldera. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 301:107–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Layer PW, García-Palomo A, Jones D, Macías JL, Arce JL, Mora JC (2009) El Chichón volcanic complex, Chiapas, México: stages of evolution based on field mapping and 40Ar/39Ar geochronology. Geofis Int 48:33–54Google Scholar
  19. Macías JL, Sheridan MF, Espíndola JM (1997) Reappraisal of the 1982 eruptions of El Chichón volcano, Chiapas, Mexico: new data from the proximal deposits. Bull Volcanol 59(6):459–471Google Scholar
  20. Macías JL, Arce JL, Mora JC, Espíndola JM, Saucedo R, Manetti P (2003) The ~550 BP Plinian eruption of el Chichón volcano, Chiapas, Mexico: explosive volcanism linked to reheating of a magma chamber. J Geophys Res 108(B12):2569. doi:10.1029/2003JB002551 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Macías JL, Capra L, Arce JL, Espíndola JM, García-Palomo A, Sheridan MF (2008) Hazard map of El Chichón volcano, Chiapas, México: constraints posed by eruptive history and computer simulations. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 175:444–458CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Mastin LG (2001) A simple calculator of ballistic trajectories for blocks ejected during volcanic eruptions. Open-file Report 01-45, US Geological Survey, VancouverGoogle Scholar
  23. Mora JC, Layer PW, Jaimes-Viera MC (2012) New 40Ar/39Ar ages from the Central Part of the Chiapanecan volcanic arc, Chiapas, México. Geofís Int 51(1):39–49Google Scholar
  24. Rose WI, Bornhorst TJ, Halsor SP, Capaul WA, Lumley S, De la Cruz-Reyna S, Mena M, Mota R (1984) Volcán El Chichón, Mexico: pre-1982 S-rich eruptive activity. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 23:147–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Rouwet D, Taran Y, Varley N (2004) Dynamics and mass balance of El Chichón crater lake, Mexico. Geofís Int 43:427–434Google Scholar
  26. Scolamacchia T, Capra L (2015) El Chichón Volcano: Eruptive History. In: Scolamacchia T, Macias JL (eds) Active volcanoes of Chiapas (Mexico): El Chichón and Tacaná. Springer, Berlin, pp. 45–76Google Scholar
  27. Swanson D, Zolkos S, Haravitch B (2010) Ballistic blocks surrounding Kilauea’s caldera. Eos Am Geophys Union Trans 91:V33B–V0646BGoogle Scholar
  28. Taddeucci J, Alatorre-Ibarguengoitia M, Palladino DM, Scarlato P, Camaldo C (2015) High-speed imaging of Strombolian eruptions: gas-pyroclast dynamics in initial volcanic jets. Geophys Res Lett 42:6253–6260. doi:10.1002/2015GL064874 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Taran Y, Fisher TP, Pokrovsky B, Sano Y, Armienta MA, Macías JL (1998) Geochemistry of the volcano-hydrothermal sytem of El Chichón volcano, Chiapas, Mexico. Bull Volcanol 59:436–449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Tassi F, Vaselli O, Capaccioni B, Macías JL, Nencetti A, Montegrossi G, Magro G, Buccianti A (2003) Chemical composition of fumarolic gases and spring discharges from El Chichón volcano, Mexico: causes and implications of the changes detected over the period 1998–2000. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 13(1–2):105–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Tilling RI, Rubin M, Sigurdsson H, Carey S, Duffield WA (1984) Prehistoric eruptive activity of El Chichón volcano, Mexico. Science 224:747–749CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Tsunematsu K, Chopard B, Falcone J, Bonadonna C (2014) A numerical model of ballistic transport with collisions in a volcanic setting. Comput Geosci 63:62–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Vanderkluysen L, Harris AJL, Kelfoun K, Bonadonna C, Ripepe M (2012) Bombs behaving badly: unexpected trajectories and cooling of volcanic projectiles. Bull Volcanol 74:1849–1858. doi:10.1007/s00445-012-0635-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Waitt RB, Mastin LG, Miller TP (1995) Ballistic showers during crater peak eruptions of Mount Spurr volcano, summer 1992. USGS Bull 2139:89–106Google Scholar
  35. Wilson L (1972) Explosive volcanic eruptions II. The atmospheric trajectories of pyroclasts. Geophys J R Astron Soc 30:381–392CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miguel A. Alatorre-Ibargüengoitia
    • 1
  • Horacio Morales-Iglesias
    • 1
  • Silvia G. Ramos-Hernández
    • 1
  • Juan Jon-Selvas
    • 1
  • Julio M. Jiménez-Aguilar
    • 1
  1. 1.Centro de Investigación en Gestión de Riesgos y Cambio ClimáticoUniversidad de Ciencias y Artes de ChiapasTuxtla GutiérrezMexico

Personalised recommendations