Natural Hazards

, Volume 75, Issue 3, pp 2221–2245 | Cite as

Delphi-based consensus study into a framework of community resilience to disaster

Original Paper

Abstract

Disasters cannot be prevented but their impacts can be mitigated through adapted disaster management strategies. Several studies confirm that community resilience is a significant factor in disaster management. Saudi Arabia is (a) increasingly exposed to disasters, as reflected in recent events, and (b) lacks a credible disaster management strategy. This paper aims to develop a framework of community resilience to disaster in Saudi Arabia. A three-round Delphi study is conducted using a local and an international panel of experts with in-depth knowledge in the wide field of disaster management. General dimensions and criteria for consideration are derived from the academic literature. The latter are used by the expert panel as a starting point to achieve consensus on a framework of community resilience to disasters, focused on six resilience dimensions: social; economic; physical and environmental; governance; health and well-being; and information and communication. A total of 62 criteria are identified. Fifty-seven of these criteria achieved consensus in Round 2. An additional five criteria reached consensus in the third round. The resulting community resilience framework involves seven to fourteen criteria in each of the six identified dimensions.

Keywords

Saudi Arabia Community resilience Disaster management Delphi 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors sincerely thank all participants in the Delphi panel for their survey responses and insightful comments.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saud Ali Alshehri
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yacine Rezgui
    • 1
  • Haijiang Li
    • 1
  1. 1.Cardiff School of EngineeringCardiff UniversityCardiffUK
  2. 2.RiyadhSaudi Arabia

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