Natural Hazards

, Volume 75, Issue 2, pp 1403–1433 | Cite as

A numerical model for the simulation of debris flow triggering, propagation and arrest

  • Andrea D’AnielloEmail author
  • Luca Cozzolino
  • Luigi Cimorelli
  • Renata Della Morte
  • Domenico Pianese
Original Paper


In this paper, it is described the development and the assessment of a 1D numerical procedure for the simulation of debris flow phenomena. The procedure focuses on: (1) the rainfall triggering, and the effects induced on slope stability by both rainfall infiltration and groundwater dynamics; (2) the possible inception of debris flows during the propagation phenomenon itself, due to the actions exerted on the slope by the already triggered flowing masses; (3) the propagation phenomenon over complex topographies; (4) the non-Newtonian internal dissipative processes that develop within the sediment–water mixture; (5) the effects induced by the evolution of the boundaries where the propagation phenomenon occurs; (6) the run-out and arrest phenomena. In order to show the performance and capabilities of the model, the results of its application to an analytic test and to laboratory experimental tests are first analyzed, and finally, the application to a plausible debris flow scenario, taken from a real case study, is discussed.


Debris flows Pyroclastic soils Rainfall triggering Slope stability analysis Propagation Finite volume method 



The Authors want to thank the Editor and the two anonymous Reviewers for their observations that have been useful to improve considerably the quality of the paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea D’Aniello
    • 1
    Email author
  • Luca Cozzolino
    • 2
  • Luigi Cimorelli
    • 1
  • Renata Della Morte
    • 2
  • Domenico Pianese
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of Naples Federico IINaplesItaly
  2. 2.Department of EngineeringUniversity of Naples ParthenopeNaplesItaly

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