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Natural Hazards

, Volume 73, Issue 3, pp 2127–2147 | Cite as

Main issues of an evacuation in case of volcanic crisis: social stakes in Guadeloupe (Lesser Antilles Arc)

  • Marie ChenetEmail author
  • Delphine Grancher
  • Marie Redon
Original Paper

Abstract

The last major eruption of La Soufrière volcano in Guadeloupe (Lesser Antilles) in 1976–1977 caused the mass evacuation of part of the population, whereby a total of 76,000 people were displaced for a period of 3–6 months. This evacuation has left a bitter memory among the inhabitants who believed that the political authorities of the time had not anticipated the possibility of an eruption crisis and that decisions were taken in haste. La Soufrière remains active, and future eruptions could once again lead to partial or even total evacuation of the population if there were a major Plinian eruption. This article offers an investigation of future evacuation procedures, questioning different aspects of Guadeloupe’s current territorial and social challenges (the multi-risk context, the reporting to the scientists and to the authorities, the importance of local solidarity). In order to do so, we used the Focus Group Discussion method, making it possible to identify resources and gaps in crisis management on the basis of previous event history.

Keywords

Volcanic crisis Evacuation Social challenges Guadeloupe Antilles 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The research was undertaken as a part of the ANR CASAVA Programme. We thank all those who participated in the FGD, as well as J. C. Komorowski, J. C. Gaillard, M.-D. Baillard, M. Mas and the members of the CASAVA Programme. We also thank the reviewers for their careful review of the manuscript and their constructive comments. Formal English language improvements were provided by T. Lane.

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Physical Geography (CNRS-UMR 8591)University Paris 1 Panthéon-SorbonneMeudon CedexFrance
  2. 2.University Paris 13VilletaneuseFrance

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