Natural Hazards

, Volume 71, Issue 1, pp 385–401 | Cite as

Farmers’ assessments of private adaptive measures to climate change and influential factors: a study in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam

  • Hoa Le DangEmail author
  • Elton Li
  • Ian Nuberg
  • Johan Bruwer
Original Paper


Adaptation to climate change in agricultural settings depends on understanding farmers’ perceptions of the nature of climate change, their agency in adapting and the efficacy of adaptive measures themselves. Such knowledge can improve mitigation and adaptation strategies. This study addresses the limited understanding of how farmers appraise their private adaptive measures and influential factors. It uses data from structured interviews with 598 rice farmers in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Based on protection motivation theory, farmers’ assessments of private adaptive measures were measured by perceived self-efficacy, perceived adaptation efficacy and perceived adaptation cost. Multiple regressions were used to understand significant factors affecting those assessments. Some demographic and socio-economic factors, belief in climate change, information and objective resources were found to influence farmers’ adaptation assessments. It is shown that the sources and quality of information are particularly important. The improvement of both the accessibility and usefulness of local services (e.g. irrigation, agricultural extension, credit and health care) is deemed a necessity for successful adaptation strategies in the Mekong Delta. The paper also shows the application of PMT in measuring farmers’ appraisals of private adaptive measures to climate change, thereby opening this area for further research.


Adaptation Adaptive measure Climate change Farmers Protection motivation theory Vietnam 



This paper is part of a PhD research at the University of Adelaide. This PhD research is made possible under the sponsor of AusAID to Hoa Le Dang. Data collection for the research is funded by the School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, the University of Adelaide. We are very grateful to the Departments of Agriculture and Rural Development of 6 districts: Long Phu and My Tu (Soc Trang Province), Thap Muoi and Tam Nong (Dong Thap Province), and Duc Hoa and Thanh Hoa (Long An Province) for their great help and support in organising farmer interviews. We would like to thank 20 undergraduate students of Nong Lam University, local guides and farm households in the Mekong Delta in helping and supporting our interviews during December 2011 and January 2012.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hoa Le Dang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Elton Li
    • 1
  • Ian Nuberg
    • 4
  • Johan Bruwer
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Agriculture, Food and WineThe University of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia
  2. 2.Faculty of EconomicsNong Lam UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  3. 3.School of PsychologyCharles Sturt UniversityWagga WaggaAustralia
  4. 4.School of Agriculture, Food and WineThe University of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia

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