Natural Hazards

, Volume 69, Issue 1, pp 365–388 | Cite as

Rainfall event-based landslide susceptibility zonation mapping

  • Netra Prakash BhandaryEmail author
  • Ranjan Kumar Dahal
  • Manita Timilsina
  • Ryuichi Yatabe
Original Paper


Landslide susceptibility assessment is a major research topic in geo-disaster management. In recent days, various landslide susceptibility and landslide hazard assessment methodologies have been introduced with diverse thoughts of assessment and validation method. Fundamentally, in landslide susceptibility zonation mapping, the susceptibility predictions are generally made in terms of likelihoods and probabilities. An overview of landslide susceptibility zoning practices in the last few years reveals that susceptibility maps have been prepared to have different accuracies and reliabilities. To address this issue, the work in this paper focuses on extreme event-based landslide susceptibility zonation mapping and its evaluation. An ideal terrain of northern Shikoku, Japan, was selected in this study for modeling and event-based landslide susceptibility mapping. Both bivariate and multivariate approaches were considered for the zonation mapping. Two event-based landslide databases were used for the susceptibility analysis, while a relatively new third event landslide database was used in validation. Different event-based susceptibility zonation maps were merged and rectified to prepare a final susceptibility zonation map, which was found to have an accuracy of more than 77 %. The multivariate approach was ascertained to yield a better prediction rate. From this study, it is understood that rectification of susceptibility zonation map is appropriate and reliable when multiple event-based landslide database is available for the same area. The analytical results lead to a significant understanding of improvement in bivariate and multivariate approaches as well as the success rate and prediction rate of the susceptibility maps.


Landslide susceptibility Event-based landslide Susceptibility zonation 



The GIS data, particularly the details of landslide spots, obtained from Asia Air Survey Co. Ltd. through Prof. Hiromitsu Yamagishi of Ehime University are sincerely acknowledged. Authors are also thankful to Mr. Masatoshi Anakura and Kiran Prasad Acharya for technical support during preparation of this paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Netra Prakash Bhandary
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ranjan Kumar Dahal
    • 1
    • 2
  • Manita Timilsina
    • 1
  • Ryuichi Yatabe
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Graduate School of Science and EngineeringEhime UniversityMatsuyamaJapan
  2. 2.Department of GeologyTribhvuan UniversityKathmanduNepal

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