Natural Hazards

, Volume 69, Issue 1, pp 219–235 | Cite as

Dynamic behavior of railway embankment slope subjected to seismic excitation

  • Yu-liang Lin
  • Guo-lin Yang
Original Paper


To reveal the dynamic behavior of a railway embankment slope subjected to seismic excitation, a shaking table model test was performed on a 1:8 scale embankment slope. Different types of seismic wave of differing amplitudes were applied to study the dynamic behavior of the embankment slope, and white noise excitations were interspersed among the seismic waves to observe the changes of dynamic characteristics of the embankment slope. Residual deformation behaviors of the embankment slope were also investigated. The results of the tests show that the natural frequency of the embankment slope exhibits a decreasing trend and that the damping ratio exhibits an increasing trend. The embankment slope exhibits a significant amplification effect on the input acceleration, and the acceleration response differs greatly when subjected to different seismic excitations of differing spectrum characteristics. The filler of the embankment slope affects the changes of the spectrum characteristics of the seismic wave. The filler performs a filtering effect on high-frequency seismic waves and amplifies the energy of low-frequency seismic waves, especially when the frequency is close to the natural frequency of the embankment slope. A bidirectional excitation creates a greater acceleration response than a unidirectional excitation does. The seismic residual deformation of the embankment slope occurs under the seismic subsidence mode.


Railway embankment slope Dynamic characteristic Acceleration response Residual deformation Shaking table test 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51278499), the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation Funded Project (Grant No. 2012M511760), the Scientific and Technological Research Foundation of Ministry of Railway in China (Grant No. 2008G010) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. 2012QNZT051).


  1. Chen WF, Snitbhan N (1975) On slip surface and slope stability analysis. Soils Found 13(3):41–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ghayoomi M, Mccartney J, Hon YK (2011) Centrifuge test to assess the seismic compression of partially saturated sand layers. Geotech Test J 34(4):1–11Google Scholar
  3. Hong YS, Chen RH, Wu CS, Chen JR (2005) Shaking table tests and stability analysis of steep nailed slopes. Can Geotech J 42(5):1264–1279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Huang Y, Jiang XM (2010) Field-observed phenomena of seismic liquefaction and subsidence during the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in China. Nat Hazards 54(3):839–850CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Huang Y, Zhang WJ, Mao WW, Jin C (2011) Flow analysis of liquefied soils based on smoothed particle hydrodynamics. Nat Hazards 59(3):1547–1560CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Iai S (1989) Similitude for shaking table tests on soil-structure fluid model in 1-g gravitational field. Soils Found 29(1):105–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Idriss IM, Mathur JM, Seed HB (1974) Earth dam-foundation interaction during earthquakes. Earthq Eng Struct Dyn 2(4):313–323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Lin ML, Wang KL (2006) Seismic slope behavior in a large-scale shaking table model test. Eng Geol 86(2):118–133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Matsuo O, Tsutsumi T, Yokoyama K, Saito Y (1998) Shaking table tests and analyses of geosynthetic-reinforced soil retaining walls. Geosynth Int 5(1–2):97–126Google Scholar
  10. Newmark NM (1965) Effects of earthquakes on dams and embankments. Geotechnique 15(2):139–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Pradhan SK, Desai CS (2006) DSC model for soil and interface including liquefaction and prediction of centrifuge test. J Geotech Geoenviron Eng 132(2):214–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Rossetto T, Peiris N, Alarcon JE, So E, Sargeant S, Free M, Sword-Daniels V, Del-Re D, Libberton C, Verrucci E, Sammonds P, Faure-Walker J (2011) Field observations from the Aquila, Italy earthquake of April 6, 2009. Bull Earthq Eng 9(1):11–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Seed HB (1979) Considerations in the earthquake-resistant design of earthquake and rockfill dams. Geotechnique 29(3):215–263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Torisu SS, Sato J, Towhata I, Honda T (2010) 1-G model tests and hollow cylindrical torsional shear experiments on seismic residual displacements of fill dams from the viewpoint of seismic performance-based design. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 30(6):423–437CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Wang LP, Zhang G, Zhang JM (2011) Centrifuge model tests of geotextile-reinforced soil embankments during an earthquake. Geotext Geomembr 29(3):222–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Xu GX, Yao LK, Gao ZN, Li CH (2008) Large-scale shaking table model test study on dynamic characteristics and dynamic response of slope. Chin J Rock Mech Eng 27(3):624–632Google Scholar
  17. Yang LD, Ji QQ, Zheng YL, Yang C (2004) Study on design of test box in shaking table test for subway station structure in soft soil. Chin J Geotech Eng 26(1):75–78Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1. School of Civil EngineeringCentral South UniversityChangshaChina

Personalised recommendations