Civil nuclear power at risk of tsunamis
- 689 Downloads
Tsunamis have caused severe destruction to vulnerable populations through the ages. Commonly generated from oceanic subduction zones, they still remain difficult to predict. Recent instrumental record on risk of occurrence can be enhanced when complemented by historical, archeological, and geological studies. We assessed the coast at risk and overlaid civilian nuclear sites active, in expansion and under construction. The worldwide distribution of threatened nuclear sites revealed a clustering in South and South-East Asia. We identified four areas for urgent policy attention, including the need for funding to translate scientific risks assessment into effective policy.
KeywordsNuclear power Risk assessment Development Tsunami Earthquake
The FEDER–Spanish MICINN project (CGL2010-15810) and the agreement number AID-OFDA-A-10-00009 funded this work. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. We thank A. Diaz for assistance with map edition, C. Finlayson for comments. The authors declare no conflict of interest.
- International Atomic Energy Agency (2011) http://www.iaea.org. Accessed April 2011
- Minoura K, Imamura F, Sugawara D, Kono Y, Iwashita T (2001) The 869 Jõgan tsunami deposit and recurrence interval of large-scale tsunami on the Pacific coast of northeast Japan. J Nat Dis Sci 23:83–88Google Scholar
- National Geophysical Data Center/World Data Center (NGDC/WDC) (2011) Historical Tsunami Database, Boulder, CO, USA. Available at http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/hazard/tsu_db.shtml
- Noji EK (1997) The public health consequences of disasters. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- US Geological Survey (2011) http://www.usgs.gov. Accessed April 2011