Natural Hazards

, Volume 62, Issue 1, pp 17–30 | Cite as

Determinants of the increased CO2 emission and adaption strategy in Chinese energy-intensive industry

  • Zhaohua WangEmail author
  • Bin Zhang
  • Jianhua Yin
Original Paper


Climate change has not only brought about many natural hazards but also threaten the sustainable development of industry. This study is to investigate the adaptive implications for energy-intensive industries of China in response to climate change impacts. For this purpose, a deep and comprehensive analysis on the change of CO2 emission for 6 energy-intensive sectors is explored over the period of 2000–2007. A Log-Mean Divisia Index based on time series is also introduced in our study to identify the key factors toward the change of CO2 emission. It is shown that there were 146.1 million metric tons carbon increased in energy-intensive industries from 2000 to 2007. And the excessive growth of industrial output and increasingly fossil-intensive energy consumption structure were the main driving forces for the increased CO2 emission. Nevertheless, energy intensity change and declining emission coefficient of electricity played negative role in the growing trend of CO2 emission. On the basis of these four determinants (namely industrial output, energy intensity, fuel mix effect, and emission coefficient), it is suggested that both economic motives and technologically feasible approaches should be implemented to control the scale of excessive productions and improve energy efficiency toward the energy-intensive industries. And more importantly, strengthening energy-intensive sectors’ awareness of climate change adaptation should be given stronger emphasis as long-term work with the help of some propaganda campaigns for instance.


Climate change adaptation Energy-intensive industry CO2 emission Policy implication 



This study is supported by the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University (Reference no. NCET-10-0048), the Fok Ying Tung Education Foundation (Project no. 121079), National Nature Science Foundation of China (Reference no. 71173017, 71172106, 70773008), Doctoral Fund of Ministry of Education of China (20101101110034), State Key Development Program of Basic Research of China (Reference no. 2012CB95570003, 2012CB95570004) and Nature Science Foundation of Beijing (Reference no. 9112013, 9092015). The authors also want to thank Dr. Lele Zou for her comments and suggestions.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Management and EconomicsBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingChina
  2. 2.Center for Energy & Environmental Policy ResearchBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingChina
  3. 3.Business SchoolUniversity of International Business and EconomicsBeijingChina

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