Natural Hazards

, Volume 54, Issue 2, pp 547–562 | Cite as

Submarine landslides at the eastern Sunda margin: observations and tsunami impact assessment

  • Sascha BruneEmail author
  • Stefan Ladage
  • Andrey Y. Babeyko
  • Christian Müller
  • Heidrun Kopp
  • Stephan V. Sobolev
Original Paper


Our analysis of new bathymetric data reveals six submarine landslides at the eastern Sunda margin between central Java and Sumba Island, Indonesia. Their volumes range between 1 km³ in the Java fore-arc basin up to 20 km³ at the trench off Sumba and Sumbawa. We estimate the potential hazard of each event by modeling the corresponding tsunami and its run-up on nearby coasts. Four slides are situated remarkably close to the epicenter of the 1977 tsunamigenic Sumba M w  = 8.3 earthquake. However, comparison of documented tsunami run-up heights and arrival times with our modeling results neither allows us to confirm nor can we falsify the hypothesis that the earthquake triggered these submarine landslides.


Submarine landslide Tsunami Numerical modeling Indonesia Padang Hazard assessment 



This is publication 25 of the GITEWS project (German Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System). The project is carried out through a large group of scientists and engineers from GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam (GFZ) and its partners from DLR, AWI, GKSS, IFM-GEOMAR, UNU, BGR, GTZ, as well as from Indonesian and other international partner institutions. Funding is provided by the German Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF), grants 03TSU01 (GITEWS) and 03G0190 (SINDBAD). We would like to thank two anonymous reviewers for their careful and detailed comments.

Supplementary material

11069_2009_9487_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (540 kb)
Supplementary material (541 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sascha Brune
    • 1
    Email author
  • Stefan Ladage
    • 2
  • Andrey Y. Babeyko
    • 1
  • Christian Müller
    • 2
  • Heidrun Kopp
    • 3
  • Stephan V. Sobolev
    • 1
  1. 1.Helmholtz Centre Potsdam GFZ German Research Centre for GeosciencesPotsdamGermany
  2. 2.Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR)HannoverGermany
  3. 3.Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences at the Christian-Albrechts University of Kiel (IFM-GEOMAR)KielGermany

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