Natural Hazards

, Volume 53, Issue 1, pp 125–137 | Cite as

Tornado fatalities and mobile homes in the United States

  • Daniel SutterEmail author
  • Kevin M. Simmons
Original Paper


Fatalities from tornadoes have declined dramatically over the last century in the United States. Despite the overall reduction in tornado lethality, fatalities from mobile homes remain high. In fact, research suggests that the likelihood of a fatality in a mobile home is ten times or more than that in a permanent home. This study examines possible explanations of the mobile home tornado problem, including the potential for concentration of these homes in tornado prone states, the relation to Fujita Scale rating, and incidence during the day. We find that mobile home fatalities are concentrated in the Southeastern US, significantly more likely in weaker tornadoes, and occur disproportionately at night.


Tornadoes Mobile homes Fatalities Injuries 



We thank Brent McAloney of NOAA for supplying us with tornado fatality location records and two referees for comments which have improved the paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Economics & FinanceUniversity of Texas - Pan AmericanEdinburgUSA
  2. 2.Department of Economics and Business AdministrationAustin CollegeShermanUSA

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