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Natural Hazards

, Volume 48, Issue 1, pp 115–135 | Cite as

Climatology of landfalling tropical cyclones in Bangladesh 1877–2003

  • Tanveerul IslamEmail author
  • Richard E. Peterson
Original Paper

Abstract

Bangladesh is highly susceptible to tropical cyclones. Unfortunately, there is a dearth of climatological studies on the tropical cyclones of Bangladesh. The Global Tropical Cyclone Climatic Atlas (GTCCA) lists historical storm track information for all the seven tropical cyclone ocean basins including the North Indian Ocean. Using GIS, tropical cyclones that made landfall in Bangladesh during 1877–2003 are identified and examined from the climatological perspective. For the convenience of study, the coast of Bangladesh is divided into five segments and comparisons are made among the coastal segments in terms of cyclone landfall and vulnerability. There is a large variability in the year-to-year occurrence of landfalling tropical cyclones in Bangladesh. Most of the tropical cyclones (70%) hit in the months of May–June and October–November generally show the well-known pattern of pre- and post-monsoon cyclone seasons in that region.

Keywords

Tropical cyclones Climatology Landfall Bay of Bengal Bangladesh coast 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Texas Beaches & ShoresTexas A&M University-GalvestonGalvestonUSA
  2. 2.Atmospheric Sciences GroupTexas Tech UniversityLubbockUSA

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