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Natural Hazards

, Volume 45, Issue 3, pp 379–390 | Cite as

Impact of the Trans-Himalayan Landslide Lake Outburst Flood (LLOF) in the Satluj catchment, Himachal Pradesh, India

  • Vikram Gupta
  • M. P. Sah
Original Paper

Abstract

Landslide Lake Outburst Floods (LLOFs) are common in the Himalayan river basins. These are caused by breaching of lakes created by landslides. The active and palaeo-landslide mapping along the Satluj and Spiti Rivers indicate that these rivers were blocked and breached at many places during the Quaternary period. In the present article, we document LLOFs during 2000 and 2005 caused by the breaching of landslide lakes created in the Trans-Himalayan region along the Satluj River and Paree Chu (stream), respectively, both in the Tibetan region of China and its impact on the channel and infrastructure in the Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh, India. It has been observed that the loss of life and property due to these LLOFs is directly related to the disposition of the Quaternary materials and the different morphological zones observed in the area.

Keywords

Landslide Landslide Lake Outburst Flood (LLOF) Satluj River Trans-Himalaya 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank the Director, Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, Dehra Dun for extending all the necessary facilities to carry out the work. Discharge data provided by the Himachal Pradesh State Electricity Board, Jai Parkash Industries Ltd and Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam Ltd are thankfully acknowledged. Information provided by the Kinnaur district administration, Border Road Organisation and the local people about the damages caused by 2000 and 2005 LLOFs were of immense help.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Wadia Institute of Himalayan GeologyDehra DunIndia

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