Natural Hazards

, Volume 35, Issue 1, pp 35–41

Real-Time Tsunami Forecasting: Challenges and Solutions

  • Vasily V. Titov
  • Frank I. Gonzalez
  • E. N. Bernard
  • Marie C. Eble
  • Harold O. Mofjeld
  • Jean C. Newman
  • Angie J. Venturato
Article

Abstract

A new method for real-time tsunami forecasting will provide NOAA’s Tsunami Warning Centers with forecast guidance tools during an actual tsunami event. PMEL has developed the methodology of combining real-time data from tsunameters with numerical model estimates to provide site- and event-specific forecasts for tsunamis in real time. An overview of the technique and testing of this methodology is presented.

Keywords

tsunami real-time forecast tsunami measurement tsunami model data assimilation data inversion tsunami warning tsunameters 

Abbreviations

BPR

bottom pressure recorder

DARPA

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

MOST

Method of Splitting Tsunamis

PMEL

Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NTHMP

National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program

NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

PDC

Pacific Disaster Center

TWC

Tsunami Warning Center

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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vasily V. Titov
    • 1
  • Frank I. Gonzalez
    • 2
  • E. N. Bernard
    • 2
  • Marie C. Eble
    • 2
  • Harold O. Mofjeld
    • 2
  • Jean C. Newman
    • 3
  • Angie J. Venturato
    • 3
  1. 1.University of Washington, Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean (JISA0)Seattle USA
  2. 2.NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL)Seattle USA
  3. 3.University of Washington, Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean (JISA0) Seattle USA

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