Networks and Spatial Economics

, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp 485–506 | Cite as

Day-to-day Dynamics & Equilibrium Stability in A Two-Mode Transport System with Responsive bus Operator Strategies

  • Giulio E. Cantarella
  • Pietro Velonà
  • David P. Watling


This paper presents a day-to-day dynamic analysis of mode choice behaviour in a transportation system. Presented results, regarding a simple two-mode system, support the conjecture that multiple equilibria can likely be observed in such systems. This condition may have a great impact on the design of transit operator strategies.


Multi-modal transportation systems Multi-agent systems Day-to-day dynamics Multiple equilibria 



This work was partially supported by Italian MIUR PRIN2009 grant n. 2009EP3S42_005, UNISA local grant ORSA091208 (financial year 2009) and ORSA118135 (financial year 2011).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giulio E. Cantarella
    • 1
  • Pietro Velonà
    • 2
  • David P. Watling
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of SalernoSalernoItaly
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science, Mathematics, Electronics, and TransportMediterranean University of Reggio CalabriaReggio CalabriaItaly
  3. 3.Institute for Transport StudiesUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK

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