Neuropsychology Review

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 53–64

The Impact of Neuropsychological Deficits on Functional Stroke Outcomes

Original Paper

Abstract

This review examines the available literature on neuropsychological outcomes of stroke and the literature on the ability of specific areas of neuropsychological deficit to predict functional stroke outcome. The literature reviewed indicates that post-stroke deficits in executive function, memory, language, and speed of processing are common, with those identified as having progressive ‘post-stroke dementia’ presenting with a similar, though more impaired profile, with increased impairments particularly noted in the area of memory. It is clear that some aspects of neuropsychological functioning (e.g., presence of neglect, aphasia, anosognosia; and verbal memory and attention deficits) show promise as a means of predicting post-stroke functional outcomes. Examining the available literature, it becomes evident that there is a need for long-term, large scale (i.e., population based) follow-up studies, evaluating likely long-term neuropsychological outcomes of stroke and their prognostic utility.

Keywords

Stroke Outcome Prediction Neuropsychological assessment 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyFaculty of Science, The University of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.Clinical Trials Research Unit, School of Population Health and Department of MedicineFaculty of Health & Medical Sciences, The University of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyThe University of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand

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