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Neuropsychology Review

, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp 131–145 | Cite as

Neuropsychological Differences Between Frontotemporal Dementia and Alzheimer's Disease: A Review

  • Michal HarciarekEmail author
  • Krzysztof Jodzio
Article

Abstract

This paper surveys the similarities and differences between frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). The review covers findings primarily from neuropsychological studies on memory, language, attention/executive function, and visuospatial abilities. However, neuropsychiatric and neuroimaging data are also briefly discussed. Distinguishing features of both FTD and AD are described in order to present a comprehensive clinical picture of these dementing diseases, which is essential for the process of differential diagnosis. The cause of specific cognitive deficits is also considered. Our comprehensive review of the empirical literature reveals that AD is characterized by early memory loss and visuospatial problems, while among the main features of FTD are behavioral abnormalities and executive dysfunctions.

Key Words

frontotemporal dementia Alzheimer's disease neuropsychological tests differential diagnosis 

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© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of PsychologyUniversity of GdanskGdanskPoland
  2. 2.Institute of PsychologyUniversity of GdanskGdanskPoland

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