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Neurochemical Research

, Volume 44, Issue 3, pp 726–733 | Cite as

PDGF Modulates Synaptic Excitability and Short-Latency Afferent Inhibition in Multiple Sclerosis

  • Dalila Mango
  • Robert NisticòEmail author
  • Roberto Furlan
  • Annamaria Finardi
  • Diego CentonzeEmail author
  • Francesco Mori
Original Paper

Abstract

Maintenance of synaptic plasticity reserve is crucial to contrast clinical deterioration in MS and PDGF plays a key role in this phenomenon. Indeed, higher cerebrospinal fluid PDGF concentration correlates with improved clinical recovery after a relapse, and the amplitude of LTP-like cortical plasticity in relapsing-remitting MS patients. However, LTP-like cortical plasticity varies depending on the individual level of inhibitory cortical circuits. Aim of this study was to explore whether PDGF-CSF concentration correlates with inhibitory cortical circuits explored by means of transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients affected by relapsing-remitting MS. We further performed electrophysiological experiments evaluating GABAergic transmission in the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) hippocampus. Our results reveal that increased CSF PDGF concentration correlates with decreased short afferent inhibition in the motor cortex in MS patients and decreased GABAergic activity in EAE. These findings show that PDGF affects GABAergic activity both in MS patients and in EAE hippocampus.

Keywords

GABA Long term potentiation PDGF CSF Paired pulse Transcranial magnetic stimulation 

Abbreviations

aCSF

Artificial cerebrospinal fluid

CFA

Complete Freund adjuvant

CNS

Central nervous system

EAE

Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis

ISI

Interstimulus interval

LTP

Long term potentiation

MS

Multiple sclerosis

PAS

Paired associative stimulation

PDGF

Platelet derived growth factor

RMT

Resting motor threshold

SICI

Short-interval intracortical inhibition

SAI

Short-latency afferent inhibition

sIPSC

Spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic current

TMS

Transcranial magnetic stimulation

Notes

Funding

This investigation was supported by 5X1000 Neuromed Project to DC.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dalila Mango
    • 1
  • Robert Nisticò
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Roberto Furlan
    • 3
  • Annamaria Finardi
    • 3
  • Diego Centonze
    • 4
    • 5
    Email author
  • Francesco Mori
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Neuropharmacology UnitEBRI Rita Levi-Montalcini FoundationRomeItaly
  2. 2.Department of BiologyUniversity of Rome “Tor Vergata”RomeItaly
  3. 3.Clinical Neuroimmunology Unit, Institute of Experimental Neurology (INSpe), Division of NeuroscienceSan Raffaele Scientific InstituteMilanItaly
  4. 4.Neurology and Neurorehabilitation UnitsIRCCS Istituto Neurologico Mediterraneo (INM) NeuromedPozzilliItaly
  5. 5.Multiple Sclerosis Research Unit, Department of Systems MedicineUniversity of Rome “Tor Vergata”RomeItaly

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