Antiperoxidative and Antiinflammatory Effect of Sida Cordifolia Linn. on Quinolinic Acid Induced Neurotoxicity

Abstract

Sida cordifolia is a plant belonging to the Malvaceae family used in many ayurvedic preparations. This study aimed at assessing the effects of ethanolic extract of Sida cordifolia root on quinolinic acid (QUIN) induced neurotoxicity and to compare its effect with the standard drug deprenyl in rat brain. Rats were divided into six groups: (1) control group (2) QUIN (55 μg/100 g bwt/day) (3) 50% ethanolic plant extract treated group (50 mg/100 g bwt/day) (4) Deprenyl (100 μg/100 g bwt/day) (5) QUIN (55 μg/100 g bwt/day) + 50% ethanolic plant extract treated group (50 mg/100 g bwt/day) (6) QUIN (55 μg/100 g bwt/day) + Deprenyl (100 μg/100 g bwt/day). At the end of the experimental period a status of lipid peroxidation products, protein peroxidation product, activities of the scavenging enzymes and the activities of the inflammatory markers were analyzed. Results revealed that the lipid peroxidation products decreased and the activities of the scavenging enzymes increased significantly in the brain of the plant extract treated group, deprenyl treated group and also in the coadminstered groups. The activities of markers of inflammatory responses such as cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase were found to be significantly increased in the QUIN treated rats and this was decreased upon the administration of plant extract and deprenyl. In short, the study revealed that 50% ethanolic extract of Sida cordifolia has got potent antioxidant and antiinflammatory activity and the activity is comparable with the standard drug deprenyl.

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Correspondence to M. Indira.

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Swathy, S.S., Panicker, S., Nithya, R.S. et al. Antiperoxidative and Antiinflammatory Effect of Sida Cordifolia Linn. on Quinolinic Acid Induced Neurotoxicity. Neurochem Res 35, 1361–1367 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11064-010-0192-5

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Keywords

  • Sida cordifolia
  • Quinolinic acid
  • Lipid peroxidation
  • Oxidative stress
  • Scavenging enzymes
  • Deprenyl