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Neurochemical Research

, Volume 34, Issue 2, pp 268–273 | Cite as

Antagonistic Effect of Luzindole in Mice Treated with Melatonin During the Infection with the Venezuelan Equine Encephalomyelitis Virus

  • Nereida Valero
  • Anaís Nery
  • Ernesto Bonilla
  • Luz Marina Espina
  • Leonor Chacin-Bonilla
  • Florencio Añez
  • Mery Maldonado
  • Eddy Meleán
Original Paper

Abstract

The effect of Luzindole (LZ) in mice treated with melatonin (MEL) during the infection with the Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis (VEE) virus was examined. Melatonin (500 μg/Kg b.w.) was administered daily 3 days before and 5 days after the infection. Luzindole (5 mg/Kg b.w.) was injected intraperitoneally 3 days before (pre-infection) or 5 days after (post-infection) the infection. Mortality rates in the infected mice treated both with MEL and LZ were higher than in those treated with MEL alone in which the lowest brain and serum viral titers were detected. On the third post-infection day, viral titers of the MEL + VEE + LZ (pre-infection) group were higher than those of the remainder groups. On the fifth day, viral titers in infected mice were similar to those of the MEL + VEE + LZ (pre-infection) group, but higher than those detected in the MEL + VEE + LZ (post-infection). In conclusion, the protective effect of MEL in mice infected with VEE virus was inhibited by LZ suggesting that this protection is mediated by MEL receptors.

Keywords

Melatonin Luzindole Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nereida Valero
    • 1
  • Anaís Nery
    • 2
  • Ernesto Bonilla
    • 1
    • 3
  • Luz Marina Espina
    • 1
  • Leonor Chacin-Bonilla
    • 1
  • Florencio Añez
    • 1
  • Mery Maldonado
    • 1
  • Eddy Meleán
    • 1
  1. 1.Virology Section, Instituto de Investigaciones Clinicas “Dr. Américo Negrette”, Facultad de MedicinaUniversidad del ZuliaMaracaiboVenezuela
  2. 2.Biology Department, Facultad Experimental de CienciasUniversidad del ZuliaMaracaiboVenezuela
  3. 3.Centro de Investigaciones BiomédicasIVIC-ZuliaMaracaiboVenezuela

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