Neophilologus

, Volume 91, Issue 1, pp 117–134

Translating Nietzsche, Mediating Literature: Alexander Tille and the Limits of Anglo-German Intercultural Transfer

OriginalPaper

Abstract

Dr. Alexander Tille (1866–1912) was one of the key-figures in Anglo-German intercultural transfer towards the end of the 19th century. As a lecturer in German at Glasgow University he was the first to translate and edit Nietzsche’s work into English. Writers such as W. B. Yeats were influenced by Nietzsche and used Tille’s translations. Tille’s social Darwinist reading of the philosopher’s oeuvre, however, had a narrowing impact on the reception of Nietzsche in the Anglo-Saxon world for decades. Through numerous publications Tille disseminated knowledge about British authors (e.g., Robert Louis Stevenson, William Wordsworth) in Germany and about German authors (e.g., Johann Wolfgang von Goethe) in Britain. His role as mediator also extended into areas such as history, religion, and industry. During the Boer war, however, Tille’s outspoken pro-German nationalism brought him in conflict with his British host society. After being physically attacked by his students he returned to Germany and published a highly anglophobic monograph. Tille personifies the paradox of Anglo-German relations in the pre-war years, which deteriorated despite an increase in intercultural transfer and knowledge about the respective Other.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. Aschheim Steven E. (1992). The Nietzsche Legacy in Germany, 1890–1990. University of California Press, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  2. Fritz Bolle, “Darwinismus und Zeitgeist”, Zeitschrift für Religions- und Geistesgeschichte XIV (1962): 143–178Google Scholar
  3. Bridgwater Patrick (1972). Nietzsche in Anglosaxony. A Study of Nietzsche’s Impact on English and American Literature. Leicester UP, LeicesterGoogle Scholar
  4. Thomas Richard Hinton (1983). Nietzsche in German Politics and Society 1890–1918. MUP, ManchesterGoogle Scholar
  5. Hollenberg Günter (1978). Die English Goethe Society und die deutsch-englischen kulturellen Beziehungen im 19. Jahrhundert. Zeitschrift für Religions- und Geistesgeschichte 30:36–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kelly Alfred (1981). The Descent of Darwin. The Popularization of Darwinism in Germany. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel HillGoogle Scholar
  7. Stefan Manz, “‘Wir stehen fest zusammen/Zu Kaiser und zu Reich!’ – Nationalism among Germans in Britain, 1871–1918”, German Life and Letters LV:4 (2002): 398–415Google Scholar
  8. Manz Stefan (2003). Migranten und Internierte. Deutsche in Glasgow, 1864–1918. Franz Steiner, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  9. Manz Stefan (2004). ‘Our sworn, subtle, savage, implacable and perfidious foe!’ – Spy-fever and Germanophobia in Scotland, 1914–1918. Irish-German Studies 1:28–38Google Scholar
  10. Muhs Rudolf, Paulmann Johannes, Steinmetz Willibald (eds) (1998). Aneignung und Abwehr. Interkultureller Transfer zwischen Deutschland und Großbritannien im 19. Jahrhundert. Philo, BodenheimGoogle Scholar
  11. Nipperdey Thomas (1990). Deutsche Geschichte 1866–1918, vol. 1. C. H. Beck, MunichGoogle Scholar
  12. Nolte Ernst (1990). Nietzsche und der Nietzscheanismus. Propyläen, Frankfurt–BerlinGoogle Scholar
  13. Lu’ing Sea’n Ó (1991). Kuno Meyer, 1858–1919. A Biography. Geography Publications, DublinGoogle Scholar
  14. Ottmann Henning (2000). Englischsprachige Welt. In: Ottmann Henning (eds), Nietzsche-Handbuch. Leben – Werk – Wirkung. Metzler, Stuttgart–Weimar, pp. 431–434Google Scholar
  15. Panayi Panikos (1995). German Immigrants in Britain during the Nineteenth Century, 1815–1914. Berg, Oxford–WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  16. Panayi Panikos (1991). The Enemy in our Midst. Germans in Britain during the First World War. Berg, Providence–OxfordGoogle Scholar
  17. Rosenkranz Albert E. (1921). Geschichte der Deutschen Evangelischen Gemeinde zu Liverpool. Ausland und Heimat, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  18. Schenkel Elmar (2000). Paradoxical Affinities. Chesterton and Nietzsche. In: Stark Susanne (ed), The N ovel in Anglo-German Context. Cultural Cross-Currents and Affinities. Rodopi, Amsterdam–Atlanta, pp. 241–251Google Scholar
  19. Schungel Wilfried (1980). Alexander Tille (1866–1912). Leben und Ideen eines Sozialdarwinisten. Matthiesen, HusumGoogle Scholar
  20. Hays Alan Steilberg (1996). Die amerikanische Nietzsche-Rezeption von 1896 bis 1950. de Gruyter, Berlin–New YorkGoogle Scholar
  21. Studt Christoph (1992). Lothar Bucher, 1817–1892. Ein politisches Leben zwischen Revolution und Staatsdienst. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, GöttingenGoogle Scholar
  22. Thatcher David S. (1970). Nietzsche in England 1890–1914. University of Toronto Press, TorontoGoogle Scholar
  23. Tille Armin (1916). Ein Kämpferleben. Alexander Tille, 1866–1912. Friedrich Andreas Perthes, GothaGoogle Scholar
  24. Eitel Friedrich Timm (1980). William Butler Yeats und Friedrich Nietzsche. Königshausen & Neumann, WürzburgGoogle Scholar
  25. Wallace Stuart (1988). War and the Image of Germany. British Academics, 1914–1918. John Donald, EdinburghGoogle Scholar
  26. Ann C. Weaver (ed. and foreword). Publications of the English Goethe Society, Index to the Publications 1886–1986. Leeds: W. S. Maney, 1987Google Scholar
  27. Wehler Hans-Ulrich (1995). Deutsche Gesellschaftsgeschichte, vol. 3. Beck, MunichGoogle Scholar
  28. Wehler Hans-Ulrich (1973). Sozialdarwinismus im expandierenden Industriestaat. In: Geiss Imanuel, Wendt Bernd Jürgen (eds), Deutschland in der Weltpolitik des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts. Bertelsmann Universitätsverlag, Düsseldorf, pp. 133–142Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Languages and International Studies, School of HumanitiesUniversity of GreenwichLondonUK

Personalised recommendations