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Journal of Neuro-Oncology

, Volume 142, Issue 3, pp 489–497 | Cite as

Impact on survival of early tumor growth between surgery and radiotherapy in patients with de novo glioblastoma

  • Amaury De BarrosEmail author
  • Justine Attal
  • Margaux Roques
  • Julien Nicolau
  • Jean-Christophe Sol
  • Elizabeth Cohen-Jonathan-Moyal
  • Franck-Emmanuel Roux
Clinical Study

Abstract

Purpose

Systematic pre-radiotherapy MRI in patients with newly resected glioblastoma (OMS 2016) sometimes reveals tumor growth in the period between surgery and radiotherapy. We evaluated the relation between early tumor growth and overall survival (OS) with the aim of finding predictors of regrowth.

Methods

Seventy-five patients from 25 to 84 years old (Median age 62 years) with preoperative, immediate postoperative, and preradiotherapy MRI were included. Volumetric measurements were made on each of the three MRI scans and clinical and molecular parameters were collected for each case.

Results

Fifty-four patients (72%) had an early regrowth with a median contrast enhancement volume of 3.61 cm3—range 0.12–71.93 cm3. The median OS was 24 months in patients with no early tumor growth and 17.1 months in those with early tumor regrowth (p = 0.0024). In the population with initial complete resection (27 patients), the median OS was 25.3 months (19 patients) in those with no early tumor growth between surgery and radiotherapy compared to 16.3 months (8 patients) in those with tumor regrowth. In multivariate analysis, the initial extent of resection (p < 0.001) and the delay between postoperative MRI and preradiotherapy MRI (p < 0.001) were significant independent prognostic factors of regrowth and of poorer outcome.

Conclusions

We demonstrated that, in addition to the well known issue of incomplete resection, longer delays between surgery and adjuvant treatment is an independent factors of tumor regrowth and a risk factor of poorer outcomes for the patients. To overcome the delay factor, we suggest shortening the usual time between surgery and radiotherapy.

Keywords

Glioblastoma Radiotherapy Extent of resection Tumor regrowth 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge Saloua Charni (Biostatistician and clinical trials coordinator) for her help with the statistics and revision of this article.

Funding

No funding for this study.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. French law concerning retrospective studies stipulate that the CNIL (“Commission nationale informatique et libertés”) has to be informed in accordance with the French law text : Décret n°2005-1309 du 20 octobre 2005 pris pour l’application de la loi n° 78-17 du 6 janvier 1978 relative à l’informatique, aux fichiers et aux libertés.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryToulouse University HospitalToulouseFrance
  2. 2.Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse IIIToulouseFrance
  3. 3.Department of Radiation OncologyInstitut Universitaire du Cancer de Toulouse-OncopôleToulouseFrance
  4. 4.Neuroradiology DepartmentToulouse University HospitalToulouseFrance
  5. 5.INSERM U1037Centre de Recherche contre le Cancer de ToulouseToulouseFrance
  6. 6.CNRS UMR5549 Brain and Cognition (Cerco)Hôpital PurpanToulouseFrance

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