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Journal of Neuro-Oncology

, Volume 135, Issue 2, pp 273–284 | Cite as

IDH mutation status trumps the Pignatti risk score as a prognostic marker in low-grade gliomas

  • Olatz EtxanizEmail author
  • Cristina Carrato
  • Itziar de Aguirre
  • Cristina Queralt
  • Ana Muñoz
  • José L. Ramirez
  • Rafael Rosell
  • Salvador Villà
  • Rocio Diaz
  • Ana Estival
  • Pilar Teixidor
  • Alberto Indacochea
  • Sara Ahjal
  • Laia Vilà
  • Carme Balañá
Clinical Study

Abstract

Management of low-grade gliomas (LGG) is based on clinical and radiologic features, including the Pignatti prognostic scoring system, which classifies patients as low- or high-risk. To determine whether molecular data can offer advantages over these features, we have examined the prognostic impact of several molecular alterations in LGG. In a cohort of 58 patients with LGG, we have retrospectively analyzed clinical and molecular characteristics, including the Pignatti criteria, IDH mutations, TP53 mutations, the 1p/19q deletion, and MGMT methylation, and correlated our findings with progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Mean age of patients was 45 years; 71% were classified as low-risk by the Pignatti system. IDH mutations were detected in 62%, p53 mutations in 17%, the 1p/19q codeletion in 46%, and MGMT methylation in 40% of patients. Survival analyses were performed in the 49 patients without contrast enhancement. In the univariate analysis, IDH mutations, the 1p/19q codeletion, and the combination of IDH mutations with the 1p/19q codeletion were associated with both longer PFS (P = 0.006, P = 0.037, and P = 0.003, respectively) and longer OS (P < 0.001, P = 0.02, and P < 0.001, respectively). The multivariate analysis identified absence of IDH mutations as a factor for greater risk of progression [hazard ratio (HR) = 3.1; P = 0.007]and death (HR = 6.4; P < 0.001). We suggest that IDH mutations may be more effective than the Pignatti score in discriminating low- and high-risk patients with LGG.

Keywords

Low-grade glioma Pignatti IDH 1p/19q codeletion 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was conducted as part of the Doctorate in Medicine program of the Autonomous University of Barcelona.

Funding

This work was partially conducted in Dr Rosell’s Cancer Molecular Biology Laboratory, which is supported by a grant from the La Caixa Foundation and by a grant from the Red Tematica de Investigación Cooperativa en Cancer (RTICC; Grant RD12/0036/0072).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human participants

This study was approved by the hospital ethics committee.

Informed consent

Patients gave their signed informed consent.

Supplementary material

11060_2017_2570_MOESM1_ESM.docx (17 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 16 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olatz Etxaniz
    • 1
    Email author
  • Cristina Carrato
    • 2
  • Itziar de Aguirre
    • 3
  • Cristina Queralt
    • 3
  • Ana Muñoz
    • 2
  • José L. Ramirez
    • 3
  • Rafael Rosell
    • 3
  • Salvador Villà
    • 4
  • Rocio Diaz
    • 5
  • Ana Estival
    • 1
  • Pilar Teixidor
    • 6
  • Alberto Indacochea
    • 1
  • Sara Ahjal
    • 1
  • Laia Vilà
    • 1
  • Carme Balañá
    • 1
  1. 1.Medical Oncology Service, Catalan Institute of Oncology (ICO)Hospital Germans Trias i PujolBadalonaSpain
  2. 2.Pathology DepartmentHospital Germans Trias i PujolBadalonaSpain
  3. 3.Cancer Molecular Biology Laboratory, Institut Investigació Germans Trias i Pujol (IGTP), Catalan Institute of Oncology (ICO)Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i PujolBadalonaSpain
  4. 4.Catalan Institute of Oncology (ICO), Radiotherapy ServiceHospital Germans Trias i PujolBadalonaSpain
  5. 5.Diagnostic Imaging Institute (IDI)Neuroradiology from the Hospital Germans Trias i PujolBadalonaSpain
  6. 6.Neurosurgery DepartmentHospital Germans Trias i PujolBadalonaSpain

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