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Journal of Neuro-Oncology

, Volume 123, Issue 3, pp 459–464 | Cite as

Combining immunotherapy with radiation for the treatment of glioblastoma

  • Kevin K. H. Chow
  • Wendy Hara
  • Michael Lim
  • Gordon Li
Editors' Invited Manuscript

Abstract

Glioblastoma is a devastating cancer with universally poor outcomes in spite of current standard multimodal therapy. Immunotherapy is an attractive new treatment modality given its potential for exquisite specificity and its favorable side effect profile; however, clinical trials of immunotherapy in GBM have thus far shown modest benefit. Optimally combining radiation with immunotherapy may be the key to unlocking the potential of both therapies given the evidence that radiation can enhance anti-tumor immunity. Here we review this evidence and discuss considerations for combined therapy.

Keywords

Glioblastoma Immunotherapy Radiation therapy Immunosuppression 

Notes

Conflict of interest

None of the authors have any conflicts of interest to disclose.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kevin K. H. Chow
    • 1
  • Wendy Hara
    • 2
  • Michael Lim
    • 3
  • Gordon Li
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryStanford University Medical CenterStanfordUSA
  2. 2.Department of Radiation Oncology-Radiation TherapyStanford University Medical CenterStanfordUSA
  3. 3.Department of NeurosurgeryJohns Hopkins University School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA

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