Diagnostic value of interleukin-10 in cerebrospinal fluid for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the central nervous system
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A biomarker for early diagnosis of central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma would permit early treatment for attenuation of disease progression and neurological deterioration. High interleukin-10 (IL-10) or an IL-10/IL-6 ratio >1.0 are informative parameters for discriminating intraocular lymphomas from uveitis. Recent reports have also shown that CSF IL-10 is a potential diagnostic biomarker for CNS lymphoma. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of IL-10 in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in patients with CNS lymphoma compared with other CNS diseases, including CNS tumors and inflammatory diseases. CSF IL-10, IL-6, beta-2 microglobulin, soluble IL-2 receptor and FDG-PET SUVmax were measured in 19 patients with CNS lymphoma (15 primary and 4 secondary diffuse large B-cell lymphomas) and 26 non-lymphoma patients with various brain tumors and inflammatory diseases. The diagnostic accuracy of the respective examinations for differentiation of CNS lymphomas from non-lymphomas was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) was calculated. CSF IL-10 was detected at significant levels (median, 28 pg/ml; range <2–4,100 pg/ml) in all except one patient with CNS lymphoma, but not detected in any non-lymphoma patients. CSF IL-10 had the highest diagnostic accuracy with AUC = 0.974. At an IL-10 cutoff of 3 pg/ml, the sensitivity and specificity were 94.7 and 100 %, respectively. These results indicate that CSF IL-10 is a superior biomarker for initial screening for patients with CNS lymphoma.
KeywordsCentral nervous system lymphoma Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma Interleukin-10 Cerebrospinal fluid Sensitivity Specificity
This work was supported by a Grant for Promoted Research from Kanazawa Medical University (S2013-7).
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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