Outcome and prognostic features in anaplastic ganglioglioma: analysis of cases from the SEER database
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- Selvanathan, S.K., Hammouche, S., Salminen, H.J. et al. J Neurooncol (2011) 105: 539. doi:10.1007/s11060-011-0615-4
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Anaplastic ganglioglioma (AGG) are rare central nervous system tumours. Patient and treatment factors associated with outcome are poorly defined and limited to small retrospective case series and single case reports. Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) cancer registry, we investigated potential clinicopathological factors that can affect outcome in patients with anaplastic ganglioglioma. Patients with anaplastic ganglioglioma diagnosed between 1973 and 2007 were identified from the SEER database. Kaplan–Meier survival analysis and Cox models were used to examine the effect of variables on overall survival. The variables analysed included patient age at diagnosis, gender, race, tumour location, uni-focal or multi-focal tumour, surgical resection and the use of adjuvant radiotherapy. Fifty-eight patients were identified, with a median age at diagnosis of 25.5 years. Ninety-three percent of patients underwent surgery and 36% received adjuvant radiotherapy. The median overall survival was 28.5 months. The most common tumour site was the temporal lobe (27%). Univariate and multivariate analysis identified surgery and uni-focal disease as important predictors of overall survival. Adjuvant radiotherapy did not influence overall survival. This study represents the largest analysis of anaplastic ganglioglioma to date. Furthermore it also emphasises the role of national tumour databases for furthering our understanding of rare brain tumours and determining management options.