Temozolomide single-agent chemotherapy for newly diagnosed anaplastic oligodendroglioma
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The treatment of patients with anaplastic oligodendroglioma (AO) has been significantly impacted by the molecular detection of loss of sequences on chromosomes 1p and 19q. We performed a clinical trial to prospectively evaluate the safety of treating patients with AO with temozolomide (TMZ) alone in patients with chromosome 1p/19q loss and with chemo-radiation in patients not harboring this loss. Forty-eight patients were enrolled, 36/48 (75%) with evidence of chromosome 1p/19q loss treated with TMZ alone and 12/18 (25%) without such losses, treated with pre-radiation TMZ followed by chemo-radiation. Despite more aggressive treatment, patients without 1p/19q loss had a shorter progression-free survival (PFS) of 13.5 months. With a median follow-up time of 32 months, patients with 1p/19q LOH had a median TTP of 28.7 months. Patients with AO with 1p/19q LOH can be safely treated with single-agent TMZ and do not appear to experience earlier or more frequent tumor progression. This treatment regimen should be studied as part of a formal randomized clinical trial.
KeywordsTemozolomide Single-agent chemotherapy Anaplastic oligodendroglioma
Conflicts of interest – research support was provided by Schering.
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